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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
 * Dirent interface for Microsoft Visual Studio
 * Version 1.21
 * Copyright (C) 2006-2012 Toni Ronkko
 * https://github.com/tronkko/dirent
 */

#ifndef DIRENT_H
#define DIRENT_H

/*
 * Include windows.h without Windows Sockets 1.1 to prevent conflicts with
 * Windows Sockets 2.0.
 */
#ifndef WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
#   define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
#endif

#include <windows.h>

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <wchar.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <errno.h>

/* Maximum length of file name */
#if !defined(PATH_MAX)
#   define PATH_MAX MAX_PATH
#endif

/* File type flags for d_type */
#define DT_UNKNOWN 0
#define DT_REG S_IFREG
#define DT_DIR S_IFDIR
#define DT_CHR S_IFCHR

/*
 * File type macros.  Note that block devices, sockets and links cannot be
 * distinguished on Windows and the macros S_ISBLK, S_ISSOCK and S_ISLNK are
 * only defined for compatibility.  These macros should always return false
 * on Windows.
 */
#if !defined(S_ISDIR)
#   define S_ISDIR(mode) (((mode) & S_IFMT) == S_IFDIR)
#endif
#if !defined(S_ISREG)
#   define S_ISREG(mode) (((mode) & S_IFMT) == S_IFREG)
#endif

/* Wide-character version */
struct _wdirent {
	/* Always zero */
	long d_ino;

	/* Structure size */
	unsigned short d_reclen;

	/* Length of name without \0 */
	size_t d_namlen;

	/* File type */
	int d_type;

	/* File name */
	wchar_t d_name[PATH_MAX];
};
typedef struct _wdirent _wdirent;

struct _WDIR {
	/* Current directory entry */
	struct _wdirent ent;

	/* Private file data */
	WIN32_FIND_DATAW data;

	/* True if data is valid */
	int cached;

	/* Win32 search handle */
	HANDLE handle;

	/* Initial directory name */
	wchar_t *patt;
};
typedef struct _WDIR _WDIR;

static _WDIR *_wopendir(const wchar_t *dirname);
static int _wclosedir(_WDIR *dirp);

/* For compatibility with Symbian */
#define wdirent _wdirent
#define WDIR _WDIR
#define wopendir _wopendir
#define wclosedir _wclosedir

/* Multi-byte character versions */
struct dirent {
	/* Always zero */
	long d_ino;

	/* Structure size */
	unsigned short d_reclen;

	/* Length of name without \0 */
	size_t d_namlen;

	/* File type */
	int d_type;

	/* File name */
	char d_name[PATH_MAX];
};
typedef struct dirent dirent;

struct DIR {
	struct dirent ent;
	struct _WDIR *wdirp;
};
typedef struct DIR DIR;

static DIR *opendir(const char *dirname);
static struct dirent *readdir(DIR *dirp);
static int closedir(DIR *dirp);

/* Internal utility functions */
static WIN32_FIND_DATAW *dirent_first(_WDIR *dirp);
static WIN32_FIND_DATAW *dirent_next(_WDIR *dirp);

static int dirent_mbstowcs_s(
	size_t *pReturnValue,
	wchar_t *wcstr,
	size_t sizeInWords,
	const char *mbstr,
	size_t count);

static int dirent_wcstombs_s(
	size_t *pReturnValue,
	char *mbstr,
	size_t sizeInBytes,
	const wchar_t *wcstr,
	size_t count);

static void dirent_set_errno(int error);

/*
 * Open directory stream DIRNAME for read and return a pointer to the
 * internal working area that is used to retrieve individual directory
 * entries.
 */
static _WDIR*
_wopendir(const wchar_t *dirname)
{
	_WDIR *dirp = NULL;
	int error;

	/* Must have directory name */
	if (dirname == NULL || dirname[0] == '\0') {
		dirent_set_errno(ENOENT);
		return NULL;
	}

	/* Allocate new _WDIR structure */
	dirp = (_WDIR *)malloc(sizeof(struct _WDIR));
	if (dirp != NULL) {
		DWORD n;

		/* Reset _WDIR structure */
		dirp->handle = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
		dirp->patt = NULL;
		dirp->cached = 0;

		/* Compute the length of full path plus zero terminator
		 *
		 * Note that on WinRT there's no way to convert relative paths
		 * into absolute paths, so just assume its an absolute path.
		 */
	#if defined(WINAPI_FAMILY) && (WINAPI_FAMILY == WINAPI_FAMILY_PHONE_APP)
		n = wcslen(dirname);
	#else
		n = GetFullPathNameW(dirname, 0, NULL, NULL);
	#endif

		/* Allocate room for absolute directory name and search
		 * pattern
		 */
		dirp->patt = (wchar_t *)malloc(sizeof(wchar_t) * n + 16);
		if (dirp->patt) {
			/* Convert relative directory name to an
			 * absolute one. This allows rewinddir() to
			 * function correctly even when  current working
			 * directory is changed between opendir()
			 * and rewinddir().
			 *
			 * Note that on WinRT there's no way to convert
			 * relative paths into absolute paths, so just
			 * assume its an absolute path.
			 */
			#if defined(WINAPI_FAMILY) &&                   \
				(WINAPI_FAMILY == WINAPI_FAMILY_PHONE_APP)
			wcsncpy_s(dirp->patt, n + 1, dirname, n);
			#else
			n = GetFullPathNameW(dirname, n, dirp->patt, NULL);
			#endif
			if (n > 0) {
				wchar_t *p;

				/* Append search pattern \* to the directory
				 * name
				 */
				p = dirp->patt + n;
				if (dirp->patt < p) {
					switch (p[-1]) {
					case '\\':
					case '/':
					case ':':
					/* Directory ends in path separator,
					 * e.g.c:\temp\
					 */
						/*NOP*/;
						break;

					default:
					/* Directory name doesn't end in path
					 * separator
					 */
						*p++ = '\\';
					}
				}
				*p++ = '*';
				*p = '\0';

				/* Open directory stream and retrieve the first
				 * entry
				 */
				if (dirent_first(dirp)) {
				/* Directory stream opened successfully */
					error = 0;
				} else {
					/* Cannot retrieve first entry */
					error = 1;
					dirent_set_errno(ENOENT);
				}

			} else {
				/* Cannot retrieve full path name */
				dirent_set_errno(ENOENT);
				error = 1;
			}

		} else {
			/* Cannot allocate memory for search pattern */
			error = 1;
		}

	} else {
		/* Cannot allocate _WDIR structure */
		error = 1;
	}

	/* Clean up in case of error */
	if (error  &&  dirp) {
		_wclosedir(dirp);
		dirp = NULL;
	}

	return dirp;
}

/*
 * Close directory stream opened by opendir() function.
 * This invalidates the DIR structure as well as any directory
 * entry read previously by _wreaddir().
 */
static int
_wclosedir(_WDIR *dirp)
{
	int ok;
	if (dirp) {

		/* Release search handle */
		if (dirp->handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
			FindClose(dirp->handle);
			dirp->handle = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
		}

		/* Release search pattern */
		if (dirp->patt) {
			free(dirp->patt);
			dirp->patt = NULL;
		}

		/* Release directory structure */
		free(dirp);
		ok = /*success*/0;

	} else {
		/* Invalid directory stream */
		dirent_set_errno(EBADF);
		ok = /*failure*/-1;
	}
	return ok;
}

/* Get first directory entry (internal) */
static WIN32_FIND_DATAW*
dirent_first(_WDIR *dirp)
{
	WIN32_FIND_DATAW *datap;

	/* Open directory and retrieve the first entry */
	dirp->handle = FindFirstFileExW(
		dirp->patt, FindExInfoStandard, &dirp->data,
		FindExSearchNameMatch, NULL, 0);
	if (dirp->handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {

		/* a directory entry is now waiting in memory */
		datap = &dirp->data;
		dirp->cached = 1;

	} else {

		/* Failed to re-open directory: no directory entry in memory */
		dirp->cached = 0;
		datap = NULL;

	}
	return datap;
}

/* Get next directory entry (internal) */
static WIN32_FIND_DATAW*
dirent_next(_WDIR *dirp)
{
	WIN32_FIND_DATAW *p;

	/* Get next directory entry */
	if (dirp->cached != 0) {

		/* A valid directory entry already in memory */
		p = &dirp->data;
		dirp->cached = 0;

	} else if (dirp->handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {

		/* Get the next directory entry from stream */
		if (FindNextFileW(dirp->handle, &dirp->data) != FALSE) {
			/* Got a file */
			p = &dirp->data;
		} else {
			/* The very last entry has been processed
			 *or an error occurred
			 */
			FindClose(dirp->handle);
			dirp->handle = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
			p = NULL;
		}

	} else {

		/* End of directory stream reached */
		p = NULL;

	}

	return p;
}

/*
 * Open directory stream using plain old C-string.
 */
static DIR*
opendir(const char *dirname)
{
	struct DIR *dirp;
	int error;

	/* Must have directory name */
	if (dirname == NULL || dirname[0] == '\0') {
		dirent_set_errno(ENOENT);
		return NULL;
	}

	/* Allocate memory for DIR structure */
	dirp = (DIR *)malloc(sizeof(struct DIR));
	if (dirp) {
		wchar_t wname[PATH_MAX];
		size_t n;

		/* Convert directory name to wide-character string */
		error = dirent_mbstowcs_s(&n, wname, PATH_MAX,
			dirname, PATH_MAX);
		if (!error) {

			/* Open directory stream using wide-character name */
			dirp->wdirp = _wopendir(wname);
			if (dirp->wdirp) {
				/* Directory stream opened */
				error = 0;
			} else {
				/* Failed to open directory stream */
				error = 1;
			}

		} else {
			/*
			 * Cannot convert file name to wide-character string.
			 * This occurs if the string contains invalid multi-byte
			 * sequences or the output buffer is too small to
			 * contain the resulting string.
			 */
			error = 1;
		}

	} else {
		/* Cannot allocate DIR structure */
		error = 1;
	}

	/* Clean up in case of error */
	if (error  &&  dirp) {
		free(dirp);
		dirp = NULL;
	}

	return dirp;
}

/*
 * Read next directory entry.
 *
 * When working with text consoles, please note that file names
 * returned by readdir() are represented in the default ANSI code
 * page while any output toconsole is typically formatted on another
 * code page. Thus, non-ASCII characters in file names will not usually
 * display correctly on console. The problem can be fixed in two ways:
 * (1) change the character set of console to 1252 using chcp utility
 * and use Lucida Console font, or (2) use _cprintf function when
 * writing to console. The _cprinf() will re-encode ANSI strings to the
 * console code page so many non-ASCII characters will display correctly.
 */
static struct dirent*
readdir(DIR *dirp)
{
	WIN32_FIND_DATAW *datap;
	struct dirent *entp;

	/* Read next directory entry */
	datap = dirent_next(dirp->wdirp);
	if (datap) {
		size_t n;
		int error;

		/* Attempt to convert file name to multi-byte string */
		error = dirent_wcstombs_s(&n, dirp->ent.d_name,
			PATH_MAX, datap->cFileName, PATH_MAX);

		/*
		 * If the file name cannot be represented by a multi-byte
		 * string, then attempt to use old 8+3 file name.
		 * This allows traditional Unix-code to access some file
		 * names despite of unicode characters, although file names
		 * may seem unfamiliar to the user.
		 *
		 * Be ware that the code below cannot come up with a short
		 * file name unless the file system provides one.  At least
		 * VirtualBox shared folders fail to do this.
		 */
		if (error  &&  datap->cAlternateFileName[0] != '\0') {
			error = dirent_wcstombs_s(
				&n, dirp->ent.d_name, PATH_MAX,
				datap->cAlternateFileName, PATH_MAX);
		}

		if (!error) {
			DWORD attr;

			/* Initialize directory entry for return */
			entp = &dirp->ent;

			/* Length of file name excluding zero terminator */
			entp->d_namlen = n - 1;

			/* File attributes */
			attr = datap->dwFileAttributes;
			if ((attr & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DEVICE) != 0)
				entp->d_type = DT_CHR;
			else if ((attr & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY) != 0)
				entp->d_type = DT_DIR;
			else
				entp->d_type = DT_REG;

			/* Reset dummy fields */
			entp->d_ino = 0;
			entp->d_reclen = sizeof(struct dirent);

		} else {
			/*
			 * Cannot convert file name to multi-byte string so
			 * construct an erroneous directory entry and return
			 * that. Note that we cannot return NULL as that would
			 * stop the processing of directory entries completely.
			 */
			entp = &dirp->ent;
			entp->d_name[0] = '?';
			entp->d_name[1] = '\0';
			entp->d_namlen = 1;
			entp->d_type = DT_UNKNOWN;
			entp->d_ino = 0;
			entp->d_reclen = 0;
		}

	} else {
		/* No more directory entries */
		entp = NULL;
	}

	return entp;
}

/*
 * Close directory stream.
 */
static int
closedir(DIR *dirp)
{
	int ok;
	if (dirp) {

		/* Close wide-character directory stream */
		ok = _wclosedir(dirp->wdirp);
		dirp->wdirp = NULL;

		/* Release multi-byte character version */
		free(dirp);

	} else {

		/* Invalid directory stream */
		dirent_set_errno(EBADF);
		ok = /*failure*/-1;

	}
	return ok;
}

/* Convert multi-byte string to wide character string */
static int
dirent_mbstowcs_s(
	size_t *pReturnValue,
	wchar_t *wcstr,
	size_t sizeInWords,
	const char *mbstr,
	size_t count)
{
	int error;

	#if defined(_MSC_VER)  &&  _MSC_VER >= 1400
	/* Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 or later */
	error = mbstowcs_s(pReturnValue, wcstr,
	sizeInWords, mbstr, count);
	#else

	/* Older Visual Studio or non-Microsoft compiler */
	size_t n;

	/* Convert to wide-character string (or count characters) */
	n = mbstowcs(wcstr, mbstr, sizeInWords);
	if (!wcstr || n < count) {

		/* Zero-terminate output buffer */
		if (wcstr  &&  sizeInWords) {
			if (n >= sizeInWords)
				n = sizeInWords - 1;
			wcstr[n] = 0;
		}

		/* Length of resuting multi-byte string WITH zero
		 *terminator
		 */
		if (pReturnValue)
			*pReturnValue = n + 1;

		/* Success */
		error = 0;

	} else {

		/* Could not convert string */
		error = 1;

	}
	#endif

	return error;
}

/* Convert wide-character string to multi-byte string */
static int
dirent_wcstombs_s(
	size_t *pReturnValue,
	char *mbstr,
	size_t sizeInBytes, /* max size of mbstr */
	const wchar_t *wcstr,
	size_t count)
{
	int error;

	#if defined(_MSC_VER)  &&  _MSC_VER >= 1400
	/* Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 or later */
	error = wcstombs_s(pReturnValue, mbstr, sizeInBytes, wcstr, count);
	#else
	/* Older Visual Studio or non-Microsoft compiler */
	size_t n;

	/* Convert to multi-byte string
	 * (or count the number of bytes needed)
	 */
	n = wcstombs(mbstr, wcstr, sizeInBytes);
	if (!mbstr || n < count) {
		/* Zero-terminate output buffer */
		if (mbstr  &&  sizeInBytes) {
			if (n >= sizeInBytes)
				n = sizeInBytes - 1;
			mbstr[n] = '\0';
		}
		/* Length of resulting multi-bytes string WITH
		 *zero-terminator
		 */
		if (pReturnValue)
			*pReturnValue = n + 1;
		/* Success */
		error = 0;
	} else {
		/* Cannot convert string */
		error = 1;
	}
	#endif

	return error;
}

/* Set errno variable */
static void
dirent_set_errno(int error)
{
#if defined(_MSC_VER)  &&  _MSC_VER >= 1400
	/* Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 and later */
	_set_errno(error);
#else

	/* Non-Microsoft compiler or older Microsoft compiler */
	errno = error;
#endif
}

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif
#endif /*DIRENT_H*/