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Elixir Cross Referencer

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#! /usr/bin/python
#
#   BSD LICENSE
# 
#   Copyright(c) 2010-2013 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
#   All rights reserved.
# 
#   Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without 
#   modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions 
#   are met:
# 
#     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright 
#       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
#     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright 
#       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in 
#       the documentation and/or other materials provided with the 
#       distribution.
#     * Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its 
#       contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived 
#       from this software without specific prior written permission.
# 
#   THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS 
#   "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT 
#   LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR 
#   A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT 
#   OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, 
#   SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT 
#   LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, 
#   DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY 
#   THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT 
#   (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE 
#   OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
# 
#

import sys, os, getopt, subprocess
from os.path import exists, abspath, dirname, basename


# The PCI device class for ETHERNET devices
ETHERNET_CLASS = "0200"

# global dict ethernet devices present. Dictionary indexed by PCI address.
# Each device within this is itself a dictionary of device properties
devices = {}
# list of vendor:device pairs (again stored as dictionary) supported by igb_uio
module_dev_ids = []

def usage():
    '''Print usage information for the program'''
    argv0 = basename(sys.argv[0])
    print """
Usage:
------

     %(argv0)s [options] DEVICE1 DEVICE2 ....

where DEVICE1, DEVICE2 etc, are specified via PCI "domain:bus:slot.func" syntax
or "bus:slot.func" syntax. For devices bound to Linux kernel drivers, they may
also be referred to by Linux interface name e.g. eth0, eth1, em0, em1, etc.

Options:
    --help, --usage:
        Display usage information and quit
        
    --status:
        Print the current status of all known network interfaces.
        For each device, it displays the PCI domain, bus, slot and function,
        along with a text description of the device. Depending upon whether the
        device is being used by a kernel driver, the igb_uio driver, or no
        driver, other relevant information will be displayed:
        * the Linux interface name e.g. if=eth0
        * the driver being used e.g. drv=igb_uio
        * any suitable drivers not currently using that device 
            e.g. unused=igb_uio 
        NOTE: if this flag is passed along with a bind/unbind option, the status
        display will always occur after the other operations have taken place.
        
    -b driver, --bind=driver: 
        Select the driver to use or \"none\" to unbind the device
        
    -u, --unbind: 
        Unbind a device (Equivalent to \"-b none\")
        
    --force:
        By default, devices which are used by Linux - as indicated by having
        routes in the routing table - cannot be modified. Using the --force
        flag overrides this behavior, allowing active links to be forcibly
        unbound. 
        WARNING: This can lead to loss of network connection and should be used
        with caution.
        
Examples:
---------
    
To display current device status:
        %(argv0)s --status
        
To bind eth1 from the current driver and move to use igb_uio
        %(argv0)s --bind=igb_uio eth1
        
To unbind 0000:01:00.0 from using any driver
        %(argv0)s -u 0000:01:00.0
        
To bind 0000:02:00.0 and 0000:02:00.1 to the ixgbe kernel driver
        %(argv0)s -b ixgbe 02:00.0 02:00.1
    
    """ % locals() # replace items from local variables

# This is roughly compatible with check_output function in subprocess module
# which is only available in python 2.7. 
def check_output(args, stderr=None):
    '''Run a command and capture its output'''
    return subprocess.Popen(args, stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
                            stderr=stderr).communicate()[0]

def find_module(mod):
    '''find the .ko file for kernel module named mod.
    Searches the $RTE_SDK/$RTE_TARGET directory, the kernel
    modules directory and finally under the parent directory of
    the script '''
    # check $RTE_SDK/$RTE_TARGET directory
    if 'RTE_SDK' in os.environ and 'RTE_TARGET' in os.environ:
        path = "%s/%s/kmod/%s.ko" % (os.environ['RTE_SDK'],\
                                     os.environ['RTE_TARGET'], mod)
        if exists(path):
            return path
        
    # check using depmod
    try: 
        depmod_out = check_output(["modinfo", "-n", mod], \
                                  stderr=subprocess.STDOUT).lower()
        if "error" not in depmod_out:
            path = depmod_out.strip()
            if exists(path):
                return path
    except: # if modinfo can't find module, it fails, so continue
        pass
    
    # check for a copy based off current path
    tools_dir = dirname(abspath(sys.argv[0]))
    if (tools_dir.endswith("tools")):
        base_dir = dirname(tools_dir)
        find_out = check_output(["find", base_dir, "-name", mod + ".ko"])
        if len(find_out) > 0: #something matched
            path = find_out.splitlines()[0]
            if exists(path):
                return path

def check_modules():
    '''Checks that the needed modules (igb_uio) is loaded, and then
    determine from the .ko file, what its supported device ids are'''
    global module_dev_ids
    
    fd = file("/proc/modules")
    loaded_mods = fd.readlines()
    fd.close()
    mod = "igb_uio"
    
    # first check if module is loaded
    found = False
    for line in loaded_mods:
        if line.startswith(mod):
            found = True
            break
    if not found:
        print "Error - module %s not loaded" %mod
        sys.exit(1)
    
    # now find the .ko and get list of supported vendor/dev-ids
    modpath = find_module(mod)
    if modpath is None:
        print "Cannot find module file %s" % (mod + ".ko")
        sys.exit(1)
    depmod_output = check_output(["depmod", "-n", modpath]).splitlines()
    for line in depmod_output:
        if not line.startswith(mod):
            continue
        if line.endswith(mod+".ko:"):
            continue
        lineparts = line.split()
        module_dev_ids.append({"Vendor": int(lineparts[1],0), 
                               "Device": int(lineparts[2],0)})

def is_supported_device(dev_id):
    '''return true if device is supported by igb_uio, false otherwise'''
    for dev in module_dev_ids:
        if (dev["Vendor"] == devices[dev_id]["Vendor"] and 
            dev["Device"] == devices[dev_id]["Device"]):
            return True
    return False

def has_driver(dev_id):
    '''return true if a device is assigned to a driver. False otherwise'''
    return "Driver_str" in devices[dev_id]

def get_nic_details():
    '''This function populates the "devices" dictionary. The keys used are
    the pci addresses (domain:bus:slot.func). The values are themselves
    dictionaries - one for each NIC.'''
    global devices
    
    # clear any old data
    devices = {} 
    # first loop through and read details for all devices
    # request machine readable format, with numeric IDs
    dev = {};
    dev_lines = check_output(["lspci", "-Dvmmn"]).splitlines()
    for dev_line in dev_lines:
        if (len(dev_line) == 0):
            if dev["Class"] == ETHERNET_CLASS:
                #convert device and vendor ids to numbers, then add to global
                dev["Vendor"] = int(dev["Vendor"],16)
                dev["Device"] = int(dev["Device"],16)
                devices[dev["Slot"]] = dict(dev) # use dict to make copy of dev
        else:
            name, value = dev_line.split("\t", 1)
            dev[name.rstrip(":")] = value

    # check what is the interface if any for an ssh connection if
    # any to this host, so we can mark it later.
    ssh_if = []
    route = check_output(["ip", "-o", "route"])
    # filter out all lines for 169.254 routes
    route = "\n".join(filter(lambda ln: not ln.startswith("169.254"), 
                             route.splitlines()))
    rt_info = route.split()
    for i in xrange(len(rt_info) - 1):
        if rt_info[i] == "dev":
            ssh_if.append(rt_info[i+1])

    # based on the basic info, get extended text details            
    for d in devices.keys():
        extra_info = check_output(["lspci", "-vmmks", d]).splitlines()
        # parse lspci details
        for line in extra_info:
            if len(line) == 0:
                continue
            name, value = line.split("\t", 1)
            name = name.strip(":") + "_str"
            devices[d][name] = value
        # check for a unix interface name
        sys_path = "/sys/bus/pci/devices/%s/net/" % d
        if exists(sys_path):
            devices[d]["Interface"] = ",".join(os.listdir(sys_path))
        else:
            devices[d]["Interface"] = ""
        # check if a port is used for ssh connection
        devices[d]["Ssh_if"] = False
        devices[d]["Active"] = ""
        for _if in ssh_if: 
            if _if in devices[d]["Interface"].split(","):
                devices[d]["Ssh_if"] = True
                devices[d]["Active"] = "*Active*"
                break;

        # add igb_uio to list of supporting modules if needed
        if is_supported_device(d):
            if "Module_str" in devices[d]:
                if "igb_uio" not in devices[d]["Module_str"]:
                    devices[d]["Module_str"] = devices[d]["Module_str"] + ",igb_uio"
            else:
                devices[d]["Module_str"] = "igb_uio"
        if "Module_str" not in devices[d]:
            devices[d]["Module_str"] = "<none>"
        # make sure the driver and module strings do not have any duplicates
        if has_driver(d):
            modules = devices[d]["Module_str"].split(",")
            if devices[d]["Driver_str"] in modules:
                modules.remove(devices[d]["Driver_str"])
                devices[d]["Module_str"] = ",".join(modules)
    
def dev_id_from_dev_name(dev_name):
    '''Take a device "name" - a string passed in by user to identify a NIC
    device, and determine the device id - i.e. the domain:bus:slot.func - for
    it, which can then be used to index into the devices array'''
    dev = None
    # check if it's already a suitable index
    if dev_name in devices:
        return dev_name
    # check if it's an index just missing the domain part 
    elif "0000:" + dev_name in devices:
        return "0000:" + dev_name
    else:
        # check if it's an interface name, e.g. eth1
        for d in devices.keys():
            if dev_name in devices[d]["Interface"].split(","):
                return devices[d]["Slot"]
    # if nothing else matches - error
    print "Unknown device: %s. " \
        "Please specify device in \"bus:slot.func\" format" % dev_name
    sys.exit(1)

def unbind_one(dev_id, force):
    '''Unbind the device identified by "dev_id" from its current driver'''
    dev = devices[dev_id]
    if not has_driver(dev_id):
        print "%s %s %s is not currently managed by any driver\n" % \
            (dev["Slot"], dev["Device_str"], dev["Interface"])
        return
    
    # prevent us disconnecting ourselves
    if dev["Ssh_if"] and not force:
        print "Routing table indicates that interface %s is active" \
            ". Skipping unbind" % (dev_id)
        return
    
    # write to /sys to unbind
    filename = "/sys/bus/pci/drivers/%s/unbind" % dev["Driver_str"]
    try:
        f = open(filename, "a")
    except:
        print "Error: unbind failed for %s - Cannot open %s" % (dev_id, filename)
        sys/exit(1)
    f.write(dev_id)
    f.close()

def bind_one(dev_id, driver, force):
    '''Bind the device given by "dev_id" to the driver "driver". If the device
    is already bound to a different driver, it will be unbound first'''
    dev = devices[dev_id]
    saved_driver = None # used to rollback any unbind in case of failure
    
    # prevent disconnection of our ssh session
    if dev["Ssh_if"] and not force:
        print "Routing table indicates that interface %s is active" \
            ". Not modifying" % (dev_id)
        return

    # unbind any existing drivers we don't want
    if has_driver(dev_id):
        if dev["Driver_str"] == driver:
            print "%s already bound to driver %s, skipping\n" % (dev_id, driver)
            return
        else:
            saved_driver = dev["Driver_str"]
            unbind_one(dev_id, force)
            dev["Driver_str"] = "" # clear driver string

    # do the bind by writing to /sys
    filename = "/sys/bus/pci/drivers/%s/bind" % driver
    try:
        f = open(filename, "a")
    except:
        print "Error: bind failed for %s - Cannot open %s" % (dev_id, filename)
        if saved_driver is not None: # restore any previous driver
            bind_one(dev_id, saved_driver, force)
        return
    try:
        f.write(dev_id)
        f.close()
    except:
        print "Error: bind failed for %s - Cannot bind to driver %s" % (dev_id, driver)
        if saved_driver is not None: # restore any previous driver
            bind_one(dev_id, saved_driver, force)
        return


def unbind_all(dev_list, force=False):
    """Unbind method, takes a list of device locations"""
    dev_list = map(dev_id_from_dev_name, dev_list)
    for d in dev_list:
        unbind_one(d, force)

def bind_all(dev_list, driver, force=False):
    """Unbind method, takes a list of device locations"""
    dev_list = map(dev_id_from_dev_name, dev_list)
    for d in dev_list:
        bind_one(d, driver, force)

def display_devices(title, dev_list, extra_params = None):
    '''Displays to the user the details of a list of devices given in "dev_list"
    The "extra_params" parameter, if given, should contain a string with
    %()s fields in it for replacement by the named fields in each device's
    dictionary.''' 
    strings = [] # this holds the strings to print. We sort before printing
    print "\n%s" % title
    print   "="*len(title)
    if len(dev_list) == 0:
        strings.append("<none>")
    else:
        for dev in dev_list:
            if extra_params is not None:
                strings.append("%s '%s' %s" % (dev["Slot"], \
                                dev["Device_str"], extra_params % dev))
            else:
                strings.append("%s '%s'" % (dev["Slot"], dev["Device_str"]))
    # sort before printing, so that the entries appear in PCI order
    strings.sort()
    print "\n".join(strings) # print one per line

def show_status():
    '''Function called when the script is passed the "--status" option. Displays
    to the user what devices are bound to the igb_uio driver, the kernel driver
    or to no driver'''
    kernel_drv = []
    uio_drv = []
    no_drv = []
    # split our list of devices into the three categories above
    for d in devices.keys():
        if not has_driver(d):
            no_drv.append(devices[d])
            continue
        if devices[d]["Driver_str"] == "igb_uio":
            uio_drv.append(devices[d])
        else:
            kernel_drv.append(devices[d])

    # print each category separately, so we can clearly see what's used by DPDK
    display_devices("Network devices using IGB_UIO driver", uio_drv, \
                    "drv=%(Driver_str)s unused=%(Module_str)s")
    display_devices("Network devices using kernel driver", kernel_drv,
                    "if=%(Interface)s drv=%(Driver_str)s unused=%(Module_str)s %(Active)s")
    display_devices("Other network devices", no_drv,\
                    "unused=%(Module_str)s")

def parse_args():
    '''Parses the command-line arguments given by the user and takes the
    appropriate action for each'''
    b_flag = None
    status_flag = False
    force_flag = False
    if len(sys.argv) <= 1:
        usage()
        sys.exit(0)
    
    try:
        opts, args = getopt.getopt(sys.argv[1:], "b:u",
                               ["help", "usage", "status", "force",
                                "bind=", "unbind"])
    except getopt.GetoptError, error:
        print str(error)
        print "Run '%s --usage' for further information" % sys.argv[0]
        sys.exit(1)
        
    for opt, arg in opts:
        if opt == "--help" or opt == "--usage":
            usage()
            sys.exit(0)
        if opt == "--status":
            status_flag = True
        if opt == "--force":
            force_flag = True
        if opt == "-b" or opt == "-u" or opt == "--bind" or opt == "--unbind":
            if b_flag is not None:
                print "Error - Only one bind or unbind may be specified\n"
                sys.exit(1)
            if opt == "-u" or opt == "--unbind":
                b_flag = "none"
            else:
                b_flag = arg
                
    if b_flag is None and not status_flag:
        print "Error: No action specified for devices. Please give a -b or -u option"
        print "Run '%s --usage' for further information" % sys.argv[0]
        sys.exit(1)
    
    if b_flag is not None and len(args) == 0:
        print "Error: No devices specified."
        print "Run '%s --usage' for further information" % sys.argv[0]
        sys.exit(1)

    if b_flag == "none" or b_flag == "None":
        unbind_all(args, force_flag)
    elif b_flag is not None:
        bind_all(args, b_flag, force_flag)
    if status_flag:
        if b_flag is not None:
            get_nic_details() # refresh if we have changed anything
        show_status()
                        
def main():
    '''program main function'''
    check_modules()
    get_nic_details()
    parse_args()

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()