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I40E Poll Mode Driver
======================

The I40E PMD (librte_pmd_i40e) provides poll mode driver support
for the Intel X710/XL710/X722 10/40 Gbps family of adapters.


Features
--------

Features of the I40E PMD are:

- Multiple queues for TX and RX
- Receiver Side Scaling (RSS)
- MAC/VLAN filtering
- Packet type information
- Flow director
- Cloud filter
- Checksum offload
- VLAN/QinQ stripping and inserting
- TSO offload
- Promiscuous mode
- Multicast mode
- Port hardware statistics
- Jumbo frames
- Link state information
- Link flow control
- Mirror on port, VLAN and VSI
- Interrupt mode for RX
- Scattered and gather for TX and RX
- Vector Poll mode driver
- DCB
- VMDQ
- SR-IOV VF
- Hot plug
- IEEE1588/802.1AS timestamping


Prerequisites
-------------

- Identifying your adapter using `Intel Support
  <http://www.intel.com/support>`_ and get the latest NVM/FW images.

- Follow the DPDK :ref:`Getting Started Guide for Linux <linux_gsg>` to setup the basic DPDK environment.

- To get better performance on Intel platforms, please follow the "How to get best performance with NICs on Intel platforms"
  section of the :ref:`Getting Started Guide for Linux <linux_gsg>`.


Pre-Installation Configuration
------------------------------

Config File Options
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The following options can be modified in the ``config`` file.
Please note that enabling debugging options may affect system performance.

- ``CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_I40E_PMD`` (default ``y``)

  Toggle compilation of the ``librte_pmd_i40e`` driver.

- ``CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_I40E_DEBUG_*`` (default ``n``)

  Toggle display of generic debugging messages.

- ``CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_I40E_RX_ALLOW_BULK_ALLOC`` (default ``y``)

  Toggle bulk allocation for RX.

- ``CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_I40E_INC_VECTOR`` (default ``n``)

  Toggle the use of Vector PMD instead of normal RX/TX path.
  To enable vPMD for RX, bulk allocation for Rx must be allowed.

- ``CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_I40E_RX_OLFLAGS_ENABLE`` (default ``y``)

  Toggle to enable RX ``olflags``.
  This is only meaningful when Vector PMD is used.

- ``CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_I40E_16BYTE_RX_DESC`` (default ``n``)

  Toggle to use a 16-byte RX descriptor, by default the RX descriptor is 32 byte.

- ``CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_I40E_QUEUE_NUM_PER_PF`` (default ``64``)

  Number of queues reserved for PF.

- ``CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_I40E_QUEUE_NUM_PER_VF`` (default ``4``)

  Number of queues reserved for each SR-IOV VF.

- ``CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_I40E_QUEUE_NUM_PER_VM`` (default ``4``)

  Number of queues reserved for each VMDQ Pool.

- ``CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_I40E_ITR_INTERVAL`` (default ``-1``)

  Interrupt Throttling interval.


Driver Compilation
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

To compile the I40E PMD see :ref:`Getting Started Guide for Linux <linux_gsg>` or
:ref:`Getting Started Guide for FreeBSD <freebsd_gsg>` depending on your platform.


Linux
-----


Running testpmd
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

This section demonstrates how to launch ``testpmd`` with Intel XL710/X710
devices managed by ``librte_pmd_i40e`` in the Linux operating system.

#. Load ``igb_uio`` or ``vfio-pci`` driver:

   .. code-block:: console

      modprobe uio
      insmod ./x86_64-native-linuxapp-gcc/kmod/igb_uio.ko

   or

   .. code-block:: console

      modprobe vfio-pci

#. Bind the XL710/X710 adapters to ``igb_uio`` or ``vfio-pci`` loaded in the previous step:

   .. code-block:: console

      ./tools/dpdk_nic_bind.py --bind igb_uio 0000:83:00.0

   Or setup VFIO permissions for regular users and then bind to ``vfio-pci``:

   .. code-block:: console

      ./tools/dpdk_nic_bind.py --bind vfio-pci 0000:83:00.0

#. Start ``testpmd`` with basic parameters:

   .. code-block:: console

      ./x86_64-native-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c 0xf -n 4 -w 83:00.0 -- -i

   Example output:

   .. code-block:: console

      ...
      EAL: PCI device 0000:83:00.0 on NUMA socket 1
      EAL: probe driver: 8086:1572 rte_i40e_pmd
      EAL: PCI memory mapped at 0x7f7f80000000
      EAL: PCI memory mapped at 0x7f7f80800000
      PMD: eth_i40e_dev_init(): FW 5.0 API 1.5 NVM 05.00.02 eetrack 8000208a
      Interactive-mode selected
      Configuring Port 0 (socket 0)
      ...

      PMD: i40e_dev_rx_queue_setup(): Rx Burst Bulk Alloc Preconditions are
      satisfied.Rx Burst Bulk Alloc function will be used on port=0, queue=0.

      ...
      Port 0: 68:05:CA:26:85:84
      Checking link statuses...
      Port 0 Link Up - speed 10000 Mbps - full-duplex
      Done

      testpmd>


SR-IOV: Prerequisites and sample Application Notes
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

#. Load the kernel module:

   .. code-block:: console

      modprobe i40e

   Check the output in dmesg:

   .. code-block:: console

      i40e 0000:83:00.1 ens802f0: renamed from eth0

#. Bring up the PF ports:

   .. code-block:: console

      ifconfig ens802f0 up

#. Create VF device(s):

   Echo the number of VFs to be created into the ``sriov_numvfs`` sysfs entry
   of the parent PF.

   Example:

   .. code-block:: console

      echo 2 > /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:03.0/0000:81:00.0/sriov_numvfs


#. Assign VF MAC address:

   Assign MAC address to the VF using iproute2 utility. The syntax is:

   .. code-block:: console

      ip link set <PF netdev id> vf <VF id> mac <macaddr>

   Example:

   .. code-block:: console

      ip link set ens802f0 vf 0 mac a0:b0:c0:d0:e0:f0

#. Assign VF to VM, and bring up the VM.
   Please see the documentation for the *I40E/IXGBE/IGB Virtual Function Driver*.


Sample Application Notes
------------------------

Vlan filter
~~~~~~~~~~~

Vlan filter only works when Promiscuous mode is off.

To start ``testpmd``, and add vlan 10 to port 0:

.. code-block:: console

    ./app/testpmd -c ffff -n 4 -- -i --forward-mode=mac
    ...

    testpmd> set promisc 0 off
    testpmd> rx_vlan add 10 0


Flow Director
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The Flow Director works in receive mode to identify specific flows or sets of flows and route them to specific queues.
The Flow Director filters can match the different fields for different type of packet: flow type, specific input set per flow type and the flexible payload.

The default input set of each flow type is::

   ipv4-other : src_ip_address, dst_ip_address
   ipv4-frag  : src_ip_address, dst_ip_address
   ipv4-tcp   : src_ip_address, dst_ip_address, src_port, dst_port
   ipv4-udp   : src_ip_address, dst_ip_address, src_port, dst_port
   ipv4-sctp  : src_ip_address, dst_ip_address, src_port, dst_port,
                verification_tag
   ipv6-other : src_ip_address, dst_ip_address
   ipv6-frag  : src_ip_address, dst_ip_address
   ipv6-tcp   : src_ip_address, dst_ip_address, src_port, dst_port
   ipv6-udp   : src_ip_address, dst_ip_address, src_port, dst_port
   ipv6-sctp  : src_ip_address, dst_ip_address, src_port, dst_port,
                verification_tag
   l2_payload : ether_type

The flex payload is selected from offset 0 to 15 of packet's payload by default, while it is masked out from matching.

Start ``testpmd`` with ``--disable-rss`` and ``--pkt-filter-mode=perfect``:

.. code-block:: console

   ./app/testpmd -c ffff -n 4 -- -i --disable-rss --pkt-filter-mode=perfect \
                 --rxq=8 --txq=8 --nb-cores=8 --nb-ports=1

Add a rule to direct ``ipv4-udp`` packet whose ``dst_ip=2.2.2.5, src_ip=2.2.2.3, src_port=32, dst_port=32`` to queue 1:

.. code-block:: console

   testpmd> flow_director_filter 0 mode IP add flow ipv4-udp  \
            src 2.2.2.3 32 dst 2.2.2.5 32 vlan 0 flexbytes () \
	    fwd pf queue 1 fd_id 1

Check the flow director status:

.. code-block:: console

   testpmd> show port fdir 0

   ######################## FDIR infos for port 0      ####################
     MODE:   PERFECT
     SUPPORTED FLOW TYPE:  ipv4-frag ipv4-tcp ipv4-udp ipv4-sctp ipv4-other
                           ipv6-frag ipv6-tcp ipv6-udp ipv6-sctp ipv6-other
			   l2_payload
     FLEX PAYLOAD INFO:
     max_len:	    16	        payload_limit: 480
     payload_unit:  2	        payload_seg:   3
     bitmask_unit:  2	        bitmask_num:   2
     MASK:
       vlan_tci: 0x0000,
       src_ipv4: 0x00000000,
       dst_ipv4: 0x00000000,
       src_port: 0x0000,
       dst_port: 0x0000
       src_ipv6: 0x00000000,0x00000000,0x00000000,0x00000000,
       dst_ipv6: 0x00000000,0x00000000,0x00000000,0x00000000
     FLEX PAYLOAD SRC OFFSET:
       L2_PAYLOAD:    0      1	    2	   3	  4	 5	6  ...
       L3_PAYLOAD:    0      1	    2	   3	  4	 5	6  ...
       L4_PAYLOAD:    0      1	    2	   3	  4	 5	6  ...
     FLEX MASK CFG:
       ipv4-udp:    00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
       ipv4-tcp:    00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
       ipv4-sctp:   00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
       ipv4-other:  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
       ipv4-frag:   00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
       ipv6-udp:    00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
       ipv6-tcp:    00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
       ipv6-sctp:   00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
       ipv6-other:  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
       ipv6-frag:   00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
       l2_payload:  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
     guarant_count: 1	        best_count:    0
     guarant_space: 512         best_space:    7168
     collision:     0	        free:	       0
     maxhash:	    0	        maxlen:        0
     add:	    0	        remove:        0
     f_add:	    0	        f_remove:      0


Delete all flow director rules on a port:

.. code-block:: console

   testpmd> flush_flow_director 0