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/*-
 *   BSD LICENSE
 *
 *   Copyright(c) 2010-2014 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
 *   All rights reserved.
 *
 *   Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 *   modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 *   are met:
 *
 *     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *       the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *       distribution.
 *     * Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its
 *       contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *       from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 *   THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 *   "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 *   LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
 *   A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
 *   OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 *   SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 *   LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 *   DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 *   THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 *   (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
 *   OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>

#include <rte_common.h>
#include <rte_log.h>

#include "virtio-net-user.h"
#include "vhost-net-user.h"
#include "vhost-net.h"

struct orig_region_map {
	int fd;
	uint64_t mapped_address;
	uint64_t mapped_size;
	uint64_t blksz;
};

#define orig_region(ptr, nregions) \
	((struct orig_region_map *)RTE_PTR_ADD((ptr), \
		sizeof(struct virtio_memory) + \
		sizeof(struct virtio_memory_regions) * (nregions)))

static uint64_t
get_blk_size(int fd)
{
	struct stat stat;
	int ret;

	ret = fstat(fd, &stat);
	return ret == -1 ? (uint64_t)-1 : (uint64_t)stat.st_blksize;
}

static void
free_mem_region(struct virtio_net *dev)
{
	struct orig_region_map *region;
	unsigned int idx;

	if (!dev || !dev->mem)
		return;

	region = orig_region(dev->mem, dev->mem->nregions);
	for (idx = 0; idx < dev->mem->nregions; idx++) {
		if (region[idx].mapped_address) {
			munmap((void *)(uintptr_t)region[idx].mapped_address,
					region[idx].mapped_size);
			close(region[idx].fd);
		}
	}
}

void
vhost_backend_cleanup(struct virtio_net *dev)
{
	if (dev->mem) {
		free_mem_region(dev);
		free(dev->mem);
		dev->mem = NULL;
	}
	if (dev->log_addr) {
		munmap((void *)(uintptr_t)dev->log_addr, dev->log_size);
		dev->log_addr = 0;
	}
}

int
user_set_mem_table(int vid, struct VhostUserMsg *pmsg)
{
	struct VhostUserMemory memory = pmsg->payload.memory;
	struct virtio_memory_regions *pregion;
	uint64_t mapped_address, mapped_size;
	struct virtio_net *dev;
	unsigned int idx = 0;
	struct orig_region_map *pregion_orig;
	uint64_t alignment;

	/* unmap old memory regions one by one*/
	dev = get_device(vid);
	if (dev == NULL)
		return -1;

	/* Remove from the data plane. */
	if (dev->flags & VIRTIO_DEV_RUNNING) {
		dev->flags &= ~VIRTIO_DEV_RUNNING;
		notify_ops->destroy_device(vid);
	}

	if (dev->mem) {
		free_mem_region(dev);
		free(dev->mem);
		dev->mem = NULL;
	}

	dev->mem = calloc(1,
		sizeof(struct virtio_memory) +
		sizeof(struct virtio_memory_regions) * memory.nregions +
		sizeof(struct orig_region_map) * memory.nregions);
	if (dev->mem == NULL) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, VHOST_CONFIG,
			"(%d) failed to allocate memory for dev->mem\n",
			dev->vid);
		return -1;
	}
	dev->mem->nregions = memory.nregions;

	pregion_orig = orig_region(dev->mem, memory.nregions);
	for (idx = 0; idx < memory.nregions; idx++) {
		pregion = &dev->mem->regions[idx];
		pregion->guest_phys_address =
			memory.regions[idx].guest_phys_addr;
		pregion->guest_phys_address_end =
			memory.regions[idx].guest_phys_addr +
			memory.regions[idx].memory_size;
		pregion->memory_size =
			memory.regions[idx].memory_size;
		pregion->userspace_address =
			memory.regions[idx].userspace_addr;

		/* This is ugly */
		mapped_size = memory.regions[idx].memory_size +
			memory.regions[idx].mmap_offset;

		/* mmap() without flag of MAP_ANONYMOUS, should be called
		 * with length argument aligned with hugepagesz at older
		 * longterm version Linux, like 2.6.32 and 3.2.72, or
		 * mmap() will fail with EINVAL.
		 *
		 * to avoid failure, make sure in caller to keep length
		 * aligned.
		 */
		alignment = get_blk_size(pmsg->fds[idx]);
		if (alignment == (uint64_t)-1) {
			RTE_LOG(ERR, VHOST_CONFIG,
				"couldn't get hugepage size through fstat\n");
			goto err_mmap;
		}
		mapped_size = RTE_ALIGN_CEIL(mapped_size, alignment);

		mapped_address = (uint64_t)(uintptr_t)mmap(NULL,
			mapped_size,
			PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED,
			pmsg->fds[idx],
			0);

		RTE_LOG(INFO, VHOST_CONFIG,
			"mapped region %d fd:%d to:%p sz:0x%"PRIx64" "
			"off:0x%"PRIx64" align:0x%"PRIx64"\n",
			idx, pmsg->fds[idx], (void *)(uintptr_t)mapped_address,
			mapped_size, memory.regions[idx].mmap_offset,
			alignment);

		if (mapped_address == (uint64_t)(uintptr_t)MAP_FAILED) {
			RTE_LOG(ERR, VHOST_CONFIG,
				"mmap qemu guest failed.\n");
			goto err_mmap;
		}

		pregion_orig[idx].mapped_address = mapped_address;
		pregion_orig[idx].mapped_size = mapped_size;
		pregion_orig[idx].blksz = alignment;
		pregion_orig[idx].fd = pmsg->fds[idx];

		mapped_address +=  memory.regions[idx].mmap_offset;

		pregion->address_offset = mapped_address -
			pregion->guest_phys_address;

		if (memory.regions[idx].guest_phys_addr == 0) {
			dev->mem->base_address =
				memory.regions[idx].userspace_addr;
			dev->mem->mapped_address =
				pregion->address_offset;
		}

		LOG_DEBUG(VHOST_CONFIG,
			"REGION: %u GPA: %p QEMU VA: %p SIZE (%"PRIu64")\n",
			idx,
			(void *)(uintptr_t)pregion->guest_phys_address,
			(void *)(uintptr_t)pregion->userspace_address,
			 pregion->memory_size);
	}

	return 0;

err_mmap:
	while (idx--) {
		munmap((void *)(uintptr_t)pregion_orig[idx].mapped_address,
				pregion_orig[idx].mapped_size);
		close(pregion_orig[idx].fd);
	}
	free(dev->mem);
	dev->mem = NULL;
	return -1;
}

static int
vq_is_ready(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
{
	return vq && vq->desc   &&
	       vq->kickfd != VIRTIO_UNINITIALIZED_EVENTFD &&
	       vq->callfd != VIRTIO_UNINITIALIZED_EVENTFD;
}

static int
virtio_is_ready(struct virtio_net *dev)
{
	struct vhost_virtqueue *rvq, *tvq;
	uint32_t i;

	for (i = 0; i < dev->virt_qp_nb; i++) {
		rvq = dev->virtqueue[i * VIRTIO_QNUM + VIRTIO_RXQ];
		tvq = dev->virtqueue[i * VIRTIO_QNUM + VIRTIO_TXQ];

		if (!vq_is_ready(rvq) || !vq_is_ready(tvq)) {
			RTE_LOG(INFO, VHOST_CONFIG,
				"virtio is not ready for processing.\n");
			return 0;
		}
	}

	RTE_LOG(INFO, VHOST_CONFIG,
		"virtio is now ready for processing.\n");
	return 1;
}

void
user_set_vring_call(int vid, struct VhostUserMsg *pmsg)
{
	struct vhost_vring_file file;

	file.index = pmsg->payload.u64 & VHOST_USER_VRING_IDX_MASK;
	if (pmsg->payload.u64 & VHOST_USER_VRING_NOFD_MASK)
		file.fd = VIRTIO_INVALID_EVENTFD;
	else
		file.fd = pmsg->fds[0];
	RTE_LOG(INFO, VHOST_CONFIG,
		"vring call idx:%d file:%d\n", file.index, file.fd);
	vhost_set_vring_call(vid, &file);
}


/*
 *  In vhost-user, when we receive kick message, will test whether virtio
 *  device is ready for packet processing.
 */
void
user_set_vring_kick(int vid, struct VhostUserMsg *pmsg)
{
	struct vhost_vring_file file;
	struct virtio_net *dev = get_device(vid);

	if (!dev)
		return;

	file.index = pmsg->payload.u64 & VHOST_USER_VRING_IDX_MASK;
	if (pmsg->payload.u64 & VHOST_USER_VRING_NOFD_MASK)
		file.fd = VIRTIO_INVALID_EVENTFD;
	else
		file.fd = pmsg->fds[0];
	RTE_LOG(INFO, VHOST_CONFIG,
		"vring kick idx:%d file:%d\n", file.index, file.fd);
	vhost_set_vring_kick(vid, &file);

	if (virtio_is_ready(dev) && !(dev->flags & VIRTIO_DEV_RUNNING)) {
		if (notify_ops->new_device(vid) == 0)
			dev->flags |= VIRTIO_DEV_RUNNING;
	}
}

/*
 * when virtio is stopped, qemu will send us the GET_VRING_BASE message.
 */
int
user_get_vring_base(int vid, struct vhost_vring_state *state)
{
	struct virtio_net *dev = get_device(vid);

	if (dev == NULL)
		return -1;
	/* We have to stop the queue (virtio) if it is running. */
	if (dev->flags & VIRTIO_DEV_RUNNING) {
		dev->flags &= ~VIRTIO_DEV_RUNNING;
		notify_ops->destroy_device(vid);
	}

	/* Here we are safe to get the last used index */
	vhost_get_vring_base(vid, state->index, state);

	RTE_LOG(INFO, VHOST_CONFIG,
		"vring base idx:%d file:%d\n", state->index, state->num);
	/*
	 * Based on current qemu vhost-user implementation, this message is
	 * sent and only sent in vhost_vring_stop.
	 * TODO: cleanup the vring, it isn't usable since here.
	 */
	if (dev->virtqueue[state->index]->kickfd >= 0)
		close(dev->virtqueue[state->index]->kickfd);

	dev->virtqueue[state->index]->kickfd = VIRTIO_UNINITIALIZED_EVENTFD;

	return 0;
}

/*
 * when virtio queues are ready to work, qemu will send us to
 * enable the virtio queue pair.
 */
int
user_set_vring_enable(int vid, struct vhost_vring_state *state)
{
	struct virtio_net *dev;
	int enable = (int)state->num;

	dev = get_device(vid);
	if (dev == NULL)
		return -1;

	RTE_LOG(INFO, VHOST_CONFIG,
		"set queue enable: %d to qp idx: %d\n",
		enable, state->index);

	if (notify_ops->vring_state_changed)
		notify_ops->vring_state_changed(vid, state->index, enable);

	dev->virtqueue[state->index]->enabled = enable;

	return 0;
}

void
user_set_protocol_features(int vid, uint64_t protocol_features)
{
	struct virtio_net *dev;

	dev = get_device(vid);
	if (dev == NULL || protocol_features & ~VHOST_USER_PROTOCOL_FEATURES)
		return;

	dev->protocol_features = protocol_features;
}

int
user_set_log_base(int vid, struct VhostUserMsg *msg)
{
	struct virtio_net *dev;
	int fd = msg->fds[0];
	uint64_t size, off;
	void *addr;

	dev = get_device(vid);
	if (!dev)
		return -1;

	if (fd < 0) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, VHOST_CONFIG, "invalid log fd: %d\n", fd);
		return -1;
	}

	if (msg->size != sizeof(VhostUserLog)) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, VHOST_CONFIG,
			"invalid log base msg size: %"PRId32" != %d\n",
			msg->size, (int)sizeof(VhostUserLog));
		return -1;
	}

	size = msg->payload.log.mmap_size;
	off  = msg->payload.log.mmap_offset;
	RTE_LOG(INFO, VHOST_CONFIG,
		"log mmap size: %"PRId64", offset: %"PRId64"\n",
		size, off);

	/*
	 * mmap from 0 to workaround a hugepage mmap bug: mmap will
	 * fail when offset is not page size aligned.
	 */
	addr = mmap(0, size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
	close(fd);
	if (addr == MAP_FAILED) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, VHOST_CONFIG, "mmap log base failed!\n");
		return -1;
	}

	/*
	 * Free previously mapped log memory on occasionally
	 * multiple VHOST_USER_SET_LOG_BASE.
	 */
	if (dev->log_addr) {
		munmap((void *)(uintptr_t)dev->log_addr, dev->log_size);
	}
	dev->log_addr = (uint64_t)(uintptr_t)addr;
	dev->log_base = dev->log_addr + off;
	dev->log_size = size;

	return 0;
}

/*
 * An rarp packet is constructed and broadcasted to notify switches about
 * the new location of the migrated VM, so that packets from outside will
 * not be lost after migration.
 *
 * However, we don't actually "send" a rarp packet here, instead, we set
 * a flag 'broadcast_rarp' to let rte_vhost_dequeue_burst() inject it.
 */
int
user_send_rarp(int vid, struct VhostUserMsg *msg)
{
	struct virtio_net *dev;
	uint8_t *mac = (uint8_t *)&msg->payload.u64;

	dev = get_device(vid);
	if (!dev)
		return -1;

	RTE_LOG(DEBUG, VHOST_CONFIG,
		":: mac: %02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x\n",
		mac[0], mac[1], mac[2], mac[3], mac[4], mac[5]);
	memcpy(dev->mac.addr_bytes, mac, 6);

	/*
	 * Set the flag to inject a RARP broadcast packet at
	 * rte_vhost_dequeue_burst().
	 *
	 * rte_smp_wmb() is for making sure the mac is copied
	 * before the flag is set.
	 */
	rte_smp_wmb();
	rte_atomic16_set(&dev->broadcast_rarp, 1);

	return 0;
}