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/*-
 *   BSD LICENSE
 *
 *   Copyright(c) 2010-2014 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
 *   All rights reserved.
 *
 *   Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 *   modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 *   are met:
 *
 *     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *       the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *       distribution.
 *     * Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its
 *       contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *       from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 *   THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 *   "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 *   LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
 *   A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
 *   OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 *   SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 *   LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 *   DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 *   THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 *   (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
 *   OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/queue.h>

#include <rte_common.h>
#include <rte_log.h>
#include <rte_debug.h>
#include <rte_memory.h>
#include <rte_launch.h>
#include <rte_cycles.h>
#include <rte_eal.h>
#include <rte_per_lcore.h>
#include <rte_lcore.h>
#include <rte_atomic.h>
#include <rte_branch_prediction.h>
#include <rte_mempool.h>
#include <rte_spinlock.h>
#include <rte_malloc.h>

#include "test.h"

/*
 * Mempool performance
 * =======
 *
 *    Each core get *n_keep* objects per bulk of *n_get_bulk*. Then,
 *    objects are put back in the pool per bulk of *n_put_bulk*.
 *
 *    This sequence is done during TIME_S seconds.
 *
 *    This test is done on the following configurations:
 *
 *    - Cores configuration (*cores*)
 *
 *      - One core with cache
 *      - Two cores with cache
 *      - Max. cores with cache
 *      - One core without cache
 *      - Two cores without cache
 *      - Max. cores without cache
 *      - One core with user-owned cache
 *      - Two cores with user-owned cache
 *      - Max. cores with user-owned cache
 *
 *    - Bulk size (*n_get_bulk*, *n_put_bulk*)
 *
 *      - Bulk get from 1 to 32
 *      - Bulk put from 1 to 32
 *
 *    - Number of kept objects (*n_keep*)
 *
 *      - 32
 *      - 128
 */

#define N 65536
#define TIME_S 5
#define MEMPOOL_ELT_SIZE 2048
#define MAX_KEEP 128
#define MEMPOOL_SIZE ((rte_lcore_count()*(MAX_KEEP+RTE_MEMPOOL_CACHE_MAX_SIZE))-1)

#define LOG_ERR() printf("test failed at %s():%d\n", __func__, __LINE__)
#define RET_ERR() do {							\
		LOG_ERR();						\
		return -1;						\
	} while (0)
#define GOTO_ERR(var, label) do {					\
		LOG_ERR();						\
		var = -1;						\
		goto label;						\
	} while (0)

static int use_external_cache;
static unsigned external_cache_size = RTE_MEMPOOL_CACHE_MAX_SIZE;

static rte_atomic32_t synchro;

/* number of objects in one bulk operation (get or put) */
static unsigned n_get_bulk;
static unsigned n_put_bulk;

/* number of objects retrived from mempool before putting them back */
static unsigned n_keep;

/* number of enqueues / dequeues */
struct mempool_test_stats {
	uint64_t enq_count;
} __rte_cache_aligned;

static struct mempool_test_stats stats[RTE_MAX_LCORE];

/*
 * save the object number in the first 4 bytes of object data. All
 * other bytes are set to 0.
 */
static void
my_obj_init(struct rte_mempool *mp, __attribute__((unused)) void *arg,
	    void *obj, unsigned i)
{
	uint32_t *objnum = obj;
	memset(obj, 0, mp->elt_size);
	*objnum = i;
}

static int
per_lcore_mempool_test(void *arg)
{
	void *obj_table[MAX_KEEP];
	unsigned i, idx;
	struct rte_mempool *mp = arg;
	unsigned lcore_id = rte_lcore_id();
	int ret = 0;
	uint64_t start_cycles, end_cycles;
	uint64_t time_diff = 0, hz = rte_get_timer_hz();
	struct rte_mempool_cache *cache;

	if (use_external_cache) {
		/* Create a user-owned mempool cache. */
		cache = rte_mempool_cache_create(external_cache_size,
						 SOCKET_ID_ANY);
		if (cache == NULL)
			RET_ERR();
	} else {
		/* May be NULL if cache is disabled. */
		cache = rte_mempool_default_cache(mp, lcore_id);
	}

	/* n_get_bulk and n_put_bulk must be divisors of n_keep */
	if (((n_keep / n_get_bulk) * n_get_bulk) != n_keep)
		GOTO_ERR(ret, out);
	if (((n_keep / n_put_bulk) * n_put_bulk) != n_keep)
		GOTO_ERR(ret, out);

	stats[lcore_id].enq_count = 0;

	/* wait synchro for slaves */
	if (lcore_id != rte_get_master_lcore())
		while (rte_atomic32_read(&synchro) == 0);

	start_cycles = rte_get_timer_cycles();

	while (time_diff/hz < TIME_S) {
		for (i = 0; likely(i < (N/n_keep)); i++) {
			/* get n_keep objects by bulk of n_bulk */
			idx = 0;
			while (idx < n_keep) {
				ret = rte_mempool_generic_get(mp,
							      &obj_table[idx],
							      n_get_bulk,
							      cache);
				if (unlikely(ret < 0)) {
					rte_mempool_dump(stdout, mp);
					/* in this case, objects are lost... */
					GOTO_ERR(ret, out);
				}
				idx += n_get_bulk;
			}

			/* put the objects back */
			idx = 0;
			while (idx < n_keep) {
				rte_mempool_generic_put(mp, &obj_table[idx],
							n_put_bulk,
							cache);
				idx += n_put_bulk;
			}
		}
		end_cycles = rte_get_timer_cycles();
		time_diff = end_cycles - start_cycles;
		stats[lcore_id].enq_count += N;
	}

out:
	if (use_external_cache) {
		rte_mempool_cache_flush(cache, mp);
		rte_mempool_cache_free(cache);
	}

	return ret;
}

/* launch all the per-lcore test, and display the result */
static int
launch_cores(struct rte_mempool *mp, unsigned int cores)
{
	unsigned lcore_id;
	uint64_t rate;
	int ret;
	unsigned cores_save = cores;

	rte_atomic32_set(&synchro, 0);

	/* reset stats */
	memset(stats, 0, sizeof(stats));

	printf("mempool_autotest cache=%u cores=%u n_get_bulk=%u "
	       "n_put_bulk=%u n_keep=%u ",
	       use_external_cache ?
		   external_cache_size : (unsigned) mp->cache_size,
	       cores, n_get_bulk, n_put_bulk, n_keep);

	if (rte_mempool_avail_count(mp) != MEMPOOL_SIZE) {
		printf("mempool is not full\n");
		return -1;
	}

	RTE_LCORE_FOREACH_SLAVE(lcore_id) {
		if (cores == 1)
			break;
		cores--;
		rte_eal_remote_launch(per_lcore_mempool_test,
				      mp, lcore_id);
	}

	/* start synchro and launch test on master */
	rte_atomic32_set(&synchro, 1);

	ret = per_lcore_mempool_test(mp);

	cores = cores_save;
	RTE_LCORE_FOREACH_SLAVE(lcore_id) {
		if (cores == 1)
			break;
		cores--;
		if (rte_eal_wait_lcore(lcore_id) < 0)
			ret = -1;
	}

	if (ret < 0) {
		printf("per-lcore test returned -1\n");
		return -1;
	}

	rate = 0;
	for (lcore_id = 0; lcore_id < RTE_MAX_LCORE; lcore_id++)
		rate += (stats[lcore_id].enq_count / TIME_S);

	printf("rate_persec=%" PRIu64 "\n", rate);

	return 0;
}

/* for a given number of core, launch all test cases */
static int
do_one_mempool_test(struct rte_mempool *mp, unsigned int cores)
{
	unsigned bulk_tab_get[] = { 1, 4, 32, 0 };
	unsigned bulk_tab_put[] = { 1, 4, 32, 0 };
	unsigned keep_tab[] = { 32, 128, 0 };
	unsigned *get_bulk_ptr;
	unsigned *put_bulk_ptr;
	unsigned *keep_ptr;
	int ret;

	for (get_bulk_ptr = bulk_tab_get; *get_bulk_ptr; get_bulk_ptr++) {
		for (put_bulk_ptr = bulk_tab_put; *put_bulk_ptr; put_bulk_ptr++) {
			for (keep_ptr = keep_tab; *keep_ptr; keep_ptr++) {

				n_get_bulk = *get_bulk_ptr;
				n_put_bulk = *put_bulk_ptr;
				n_keep = *keep_ptr;
				ret = launch_cores(mp, cores);

				if (ret < 0)
					return -1;
			}
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

static int
test_mempool_perf(void)
{
	struct rte_mempool *mp_cache = NULL;
	struct rte_mempool *mp_nocache = NULL;
	struct rte_mempool *default_pool = NULL;
	int ret = -1;

	rte_atomic32_init(&synchro);

	/* create a mempool (without cache) */
	mp_nocache = rte_mempool_create("perf_test_nocache", MEMPOOL_SIZE,
					MEMPOOL_ELT_SIZE, 0, 0,
					NULL, NULL,
					my_obj_init, NULL,
					SOCKET_ID_ANY, 0);
	if (mp_nocache == NULL)
		goto err;

	/* create a mempool (with cache) */
	mp_cache = rte_mempool_create("perf_test_cache", MEMPOOL_SIZE,
				      MEMPOOL_ELT_SIZE,
				      RTE_MEMPOOL_CACHE_MAX_SIZE, 0,
				      NULL, NULL,
				      my_obj_init, NULL,
				      SOCKET_ID_ANY, 0);
	if (mp_cache == NULL)
		goto err;

	/* Create a mempool based on Default handler */
	default_pool = rte_mempool_create_empty("default_pool",
						MEMPOOL_SIZE,
						MEMPOOL_ELT_SIZE,
						0, 0,
						SOCKET_ID_ANY, 0);

	if (default_pool == NULL) {
		printf("cannot allocate %s mempool\n",
		       RTE_MBUF_DEFAULT_MEMPOOL_OPS);
		goto err;
	}

	if (rte_mempool_set_ops_byname(default_pool,
				       RTE_MBUF_DEFAULT_MEMPOOL_OPS, NULL)
				       < 0) {
		printf("cannot set %s handler\n", RTE_MBUF_DEFAULT_MEMPOOL_OPS);
		goto err;
	}

	if (rte_mempool_populate_default(default_pool) < 0) {
		printf("cannot populate %s mempool\n",
		       RTE_MBUF_DEFAULT_MEMPOOL_OPS);
		goto err;
	}

	rte_mempool_obj_iter(default_pool, my_obj_init, NULL);

	/* performance test with 1, 2 and max cores */
	printf("start performance test (without cache)\n");

	if (do_one_mempool_test(mp_nocache, 1) < 0)
		goto err;

	if (do_one_mempool_test(mp_nocache, 2) < 0)
		goto err;

	if (do_one_mempool_test(mp_nocache, rte_lcore_count()) < 0)
		goto err;

	/* performance test with 1, 2 and max cores */
	printf("start performance test for %s (without cache)\n",
	       RTE_MBUF_DEFAULT_MEMPOOL_OPS);

	if (do_one_mempool_test(default_pool, 1) < 0)
		goto err;

	if (do_one_mempool_test(default_pool, 2) < 0)
		goto err;

	if (do_one_mempool_test(default_pool, rte_lcore_count()) < 0)
		goto err;

	/* performance test with 1, 2 and max cores */
	printf("start performance test (with cache)\n");

	if (do_one_mempool_test(mp_cache, 1) < 0)
		goto err;

	if (do_one_mempool_test(mp_cache, 2) < 0)
		goto err;

	if (do_one_mempool_test(mp_cache, rte_lcore_count()) < 0)
		goto err;

	/* performance test with 1, 2 and max cores */
	printf("start performance test (with user-owned cache)\n");
	use_external_cache = 1;

	if (do_one_mempool_test(mp_nocache, 1) < 0)
		goto err;

	if (do_one_mempool_test(mp_nocache, 2) < 0)
		goto err;

	if (do_one_mempool_test(mp_nocache, rte_lcore_count()) < 0)
		goto err;

	rte_mempool_list_dump(stdout);

	ret = 0;

err:
	rte_mempool_free(mp_cache);
	rte_mempool_free(mp_nocache);
	rte_mempool_free(default_pool);
	return ret;
}

REGISTER_TEST_COMMAND(mempool_perf_autotest, test_mempool_perf);