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Elixir Cross Referencer

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/*
 * SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
 * Copyright 2015 Intel Corporation.
 * Copyright 2012 Hasan Alayli <halayli@gmail.com>
 */

#define RTE_MEM 1

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>

#include <rte_log.h>
#include <ctx.h>
#include <stack.h>

#include "lthread_api.h"
#include "lthread.h"
#include "lthread_timer.h"
#include "lthread_tls.h"
#include "lthread_objcache.h"
#include "lthread_diag.h"


/*
 * This function gets called after an lthread function has returned.
 */
void _lthread_exit_handler(struct lthread *lt)
{

	lt->state |= BIT(ST_LT_EXITED);

	if (!(lt->state & BIT(ST_LT_DETACH))) {
		/* thread is this not explicitly detached
		 * it must be joinable, so we call lthread_exit().
		 */
		lthread_exit(NULL);
	}

	/* if we get here the thread is detached so we can reschedule it,
	 * allowing the scheduler to free it
	 */
	_reschedule();
}


/*
 * Free resources allocated to an lthread
 */
void _lthread_free(struct lthread *lt)
{

	DIAG_EVENT(lt, LT_DIAG_LTHREAD_FREE, lt, 0);

	/* invoke any user TLS destructor functions */
	_lthread_tls_destroy(lt);

	/* free memory allocated for TLS defined using RTE_PER_LTHREAD macros */
	if (sizeof(void *) < (uint64_t)RTE_PER_LTHREAD_SECTION_SIZE)
		_lthread_objcache_free(lt->tls->root_sched->per_lthread_cache,
					lt->per_lthread_data);

	/* free pthread style TLS memory */
	_lthread_objcache_free(lt->tls->root_sched->tls_cache, lt->tls);

	/* free the stack */
	_lthread_objcache_free(lt->stack_container->root_sched->stack_cache,
				lt->stack_container);

	/* now free the thread */
	_lthread_objcache_free(lt->root_sched->lthread_cache, lt);

}

/*
 * Allocate a stack and maintain a cache of stacks
 */
struct lthread_stack *_stack_alloc(void)
{
	struct lthread_stack *s;

	s = _lthread_objcache_alloc((THIS_SCHED)->stack_cache);
	RTE_ASSERT(s != NULL);

	s->root_sched = THIS_SCHED;
	s->stack_size = LTHREAD_MAX_STACK_SIZE;
	return s;
}

/*
 * Execute a ctx by invoking the start function
 * On return call an exit handler if the user has provided one
 */
static void _lthread_exec(void *arg)
{
	struct lthread *lt = (struct lthread *)arg;

	/* invoke the contexts function */
	lt->fun(lt->arg);
	/* do exit handling */
	if (lt->exit_handler != NULL)
		lt->exit_handler(lt);
}

/*
 *	Initialize an lthread
 *	Set its function, args, and exit handler
 */
void
_lthread_init(struct lthread *lt,
	lthread_func_t fun, void *arg, lthread_exit_func exit_handler)
{

	/* set ctx func and args */
	lt->fun = fun;
	lt->arg = arg;
	lt->exit_handler = exit_handler;

	/* set initial state */
	lt->birth = _sched_now();
	lt->state = BIT(ST_LT_INIT);
	lt->join = LT_JOIN_INITIAL;
}

/*
 *	set the lthread stack
 */
void _lthread_set_stack(struct lthread *lt, void *stack, size_t stack_size)
{
	/* set stack */
	lt->stack = stack;
	lt->stack_size = stack_size;

	arch_set_stack(lt, _lthread_exec);
}

/*
 * Create an lthread on the current scheduler
 * If there is no current scheduler on this pthread then first create one
 */
int
lthread_create(struct lthread **new_lt, int lcore_id,
		lthread_func_t fun, void *arg)
{
	if ((new_lt == NULL) || (fun == NULL))
		return POSIX_ERRNO(EINVAL);

	if (lcore_id < 0)
		lcore_id = rte_lcore_id();
	else if (lcore_id > LTHREAD_MAX_LCORES)
		return POSIX_ERRNO(EINVAL);

	struct lthread *lt = NULL;

	if (THIS_SCHED == NULL) {
		THIS_SCHED = _lthread_sched_create(0);
		if (THIS_SCHED == NULL) {
			perror("Failed to create scheduler");
			return POSIX_ERRNO(EAGAIN);
		}
	}

	/* allocate a thread structure */
	lt = _lthread_objcache_alloc((THIS_SCHED)->lthread_cache);
	if (lt == NULL)
		return POSIX_ERRNO(EAGAIN);

	bzero(lt, sizeof(struct lthread));
	lt->root_sched = THIS_SCHED;

	/* set the function args and exit handlder */
	_lthread_init(lt, fun, arg, _lthread_exit_handler);

	/* put it in the ready queue */
	*new_lt = lt;

	if (lcore_id < 0)
		lcore_id = rte_lcore_id();

	DIAG_CREATE_EVENT(lt, LT_DIAG_LTHREAD_CREATE);

	rte_wmb();
	_ready_queue_insert(_lthread_sched_get(lcore_id), lt);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Schedules lthread to sleep for `nsecs`
 * setting the lthread state to LT_ST_SLEEPING.
 * lthread state is cleared upon resumption or expiry.
 */
static inline void _lthread_sched_sleep(struct lthread *lt, uint64_t nsecs)
{
	uint64_t state = lt->state;
	uint64_t clks = _ns_to_clks(nsecs);

	if (clks) {
		_timer_start(lt, clks);
		lt->state = state | BIT(ST_LT_SLEEPING);
	}
	DIAG_EVENT(lt, LT_DIAG_LTHREAD_SLEEP, clks, 0);
	_suspend();
}



/*
 * Cancels any running timer.
 * This can be called multiple times on the same lthread regardless if it was
 * sleeping or not.
 */
int _lthread_desched_sleep(struct lthread *lt)
{
	uint64_t state = lt->state;

	if (state & BIT(ST_LT_SLEEPING)) {
		_timer_stop(lt);
		state &= (CLEARBIT(ST_LT_SLEEPING) & CLEARBIT(ST_LT_EXPIRED));
		lt->state = state | BIT(ST_LT_READY);
		return 1;
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * set user data pointer in an lthread
 */
void lthread_set_data(void *data)
{
	if (sizeof(void *) == RTE_PER_LTHREAD_SECTION_SIZE)
		THIS_LTHREAD->per_lthread_data = data;
}

/*
 * Retrieve user data pointer from an lthread
 */
void *lthread_get_data(void)
{
	return THIS_LTHREAD->per_lthread_data;
}

/*
 * Return the current lthread handle
 */
struct lthread *lthread_current(void)
{
	struct lthread_sched *sched = THIS_SCHED;

	if (sched)
		return sched->current_lthread;
	return NULL;
}



/*
 * Tasklet to cancel a thread
 */
static void *
_cancel(void *arg)
{
	struct lthread *lt = (struct lthread *) arg;

	lt->state |= BIT(ST_LT_CANCELLED);
	lthread_detach();
	return NULL;
}


/*
 * Mark the specified as canceled
 */
int lthread_cancel(struct lthread *cancel_lt)
{
	struct lthread *lt;

	if ((cancel_lt == NULL) || (cancel_lt == THIS_LTHREAD))
		return POSIX_ERRNO(EINVAL);

	DIAG_EVENT(cancel_lt, LT_DIAG_LTHREAD_CANCEL, cancel_lt, 0);

	if (cancel_lt->sched != THIS_SCHED) {

		/* spawn task-let to cancel the thread */
		lthread_create(&lt,
				cancel_lt->sched->lcore_id,
				_cancel,
				cancel_lt);
		return 0;
	}
	cancel_lt->state |= BIT(ST_LT_CANCELLED);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Suspend the current lthread for specified time
 */
void lthread_sleep(uint64_t nsecs)
{
	struct lthread *lt = THIS_LTHREAD;

	_lthread_sched_sleep(lt, nsecs);

}

/*
 * Suspend the current lthread for specified time
 */
void lthread_sleep_clks(uint64_t clks)
{
	struct lthread *lt = THIS_LTHREAD;
	uint64_t state = lt->state;

	if (clks) {
		_timer_start(lt, clks);
		lt->state = state | BIT(ST_LT_SLEEPING);
	}
	DIAG_EVENT(lt, LT_DIAG_LTHREAD_SLEEP, clks, 0);
	_suspend();
}

/*
 * Requeue the current thread to the back of the ready queue
 */
void lthread_yield(void)
{
	struct lthread *lt = THIS_LTHREAD;

	DIAG_EVENT(lt, LT_DIAG_LTHREAD_YIELD, 0, 0);

	_ready_queue_insert(THIS_SCHED, lt);
	ctx_switch(&(THIS_SCHED)->ctx, &lt->ctx);
}

/*
 * Exit the current lthread
 * If a thread is joining pass the user pointer to it
 */
void lthread_exit(void *ptr)
{
	struct lthread *lt = THIS_LTHREAD;

	/* if thread is detached (this is not valid) just exit */
	if (lt->state & BIT(ST_LT_DETACH))
		return;

	/* There is a race between lthread_join() and lthread_exit()
	 *  - if exit before join then we suspend and resume on join
	 *  - if join before exit then we resume the joining thread
	 */
	if ((lt->join == LT_JOIN_INITIAL)
	    && rte_atomic64_cmpset(&lt->join, LT_JOIN_INITIAL,
				   LT_JOIN_EXITING)) {

		DIAG_EVENT(lt, LT_DIAG_LTHREAD_EXIT, 1, 0);
		_suspend();
		/* set the exit value */
		if ((ptr != NULL) && (lt->lt_join->lt_exit_ptr != NULL))
			*(lt->lt_join->lt_exit_ptr) = ptr;

		/* let the joining thread know we have set the exit value */
		lt->join = LT_JOIN_EXIT_VAL_SET;
	} else {

		DIAG_EVENT(lt, LT_DIAG_LTHREAD_EXIT, 0, 0);
		/* set the exit value */
		if ((ptr != NULL) && (lt->lt_join->lt_exit_ptr != NULL))
			*(lt->lt_join->lt_exit_ptr) = ptr;
		/* let the joining thread know we have set the exit value */
		lt->join = LT_JOIN_EXIT_VAL_SET;
		_ready_queue_insert(lt->lt_join->sched,
				    (struct lthread *)lt->lt_join);
	}


	/* wait until the joinging thread has collected the exit value */
	while (lt->join != LT_JOIN_EXIT_VAL_READ)
		_reschedule();

	/* reset join state */
	lt->join = LT_JOIN_INITIAL;

	/* detach it so its resources can be released */
	lt->state |= (BIT(ST_LT_DETACH) | BIT(ST_LT_EXITED));
}

/*
 * Join an lthread
 * Suspend until the joined thread returns
 */
int lthread_join(struct lthread *lt, void **ptr)
{
	if (lt == NULL)
		return POSIX_ERRNO(EINVAL);

	struct lthread *current = THIS_LTHREAD;
	uint64_t lt_state = lt->state;

	/* invalid to join a detached thread, or a thread that is joined */
	if ((lt_state & BIT(ST_LT_DETACH)) || (lt->join == LT_JOIN_THREAD_SET))
		return POSIX_ERRNO(EINVAL);
	/* pointer to the joining thread and a poingter to return a value */
	lt->lt_join = current;
	current->lt_exit_ptr = ptr;
	/* There is a race between lthread_join() and lthread_exit()
	 *  - if join before exit we suspend and will resume when exit is called
	 *  - if exit before join we resume the exiting thread
	 */
	if ((lt->join == LT_JOIN_INITIAL)
	    && rte_atomic64_cmpset(&lt->join, LT_JOIN_INITIAL,
				   LT_JOIN_THREAD_SET)) {

		DIAG_EVENT(current, LT_DIAG_LTHREAD_JOIN, lt, 1);
		_suspend();
	} else {
		DIAG_EVENT(current, LT_DIAG_LTHREAD_JOIN, lt, 0);
		_ready_queue_insert(lt->sched, lt);
	}

	/* wait for exiting thread to set return value */
	while (lt->join != LT_JOIN_EXIT_VAL_SET)
		_reschedule();

	/* collect the return value */
	if (ptr != NULL)
		*ptr = *current->lt_exit_ptr;

	/* let the exiting thread proceed to exit */
	lt->join = LT_JOIN_EXIT_VAL_READ;
	return 0;
}


/*
 * Detach current lthread
 * A detached thread cannot be joined
 */
void lthread_detach(void)
{
	struct lthread *lt = THIS_LTHREAD;

	DIAG_EVENT(lt, LT_DIAG_LTHREAD_DETACH, 0, 0);

	uint64_t state = lt->state;

	lt->state = state | BIT(ST_LT_DETACH);
}

/*
 * Set function name of an lthread
 * this is a debug aid
 */
void lthread_set_funcname(const char *f)
{
	struct lthread *lt = THIS_LTHREAD;

	strncpy(lt->funcname, f, sizeof(lt->funcname));
	lt->funcname[sizeof(lt->funcname)-1] = 0;
}