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Elixir Cross Referencer

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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
 * Copyright(c) 2010-2018 Intel Corporation.
 * Copyright(c) 2012-2014 6WIND S.A.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <sys/file.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <fnmatch.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/queue.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#if defined(RTE_ARCH_X86)
#include <sys/io.h>
#endif
#include <linux/version.h>

#include <rte_compat.h>
#include <rte_common.h>
#include <rte_debug.h>
#include <rte_memory.h>
#include <rte_launch.h>
#include <rte_eal.h>
#include <rte_errno.h>
#include <rte_per_lcore.h>
#include <rte_lcore.h>
#include <rte_service_component.h>
#include <rte_log.h>
#include <rte_random.h>
#include <rte_cycles.h>
#include <rte_string_fns.h>
#include <rte_cpuflags.h>
#include <rte_interrupts.h>
#include <rte_bus.h>
#include <rte_dev.h>
#include <rte_devargs.h>
#include <rte_version.h>
#include <rte_atomic.h>
#include <malloc_heap.h>
#include <rte_vfio.h>
#include <rte_telemetry.h>

#include "eal_private.h"
#include "eal_thread.h"
#include "eal_internal_cfg.h"
#include "eal_filesystem.h"
#include "eal_hugepages.h"
#include "eal_memcfg.h"
#include "eal_trace.h"
#include "eal_options.h"
#include "eal_vfio.h"
#include "hotplug_mp.h"

#define MEMSIZE_IF_NO_HUGE_PAGE (64ULL * 1024ULL * 1024ULL)

#define SOCKET_MEM_STRLEN (RTE_MAX_NUMA_NODES * 10)

#define KERNEL_IOMMU_GROUPS_PATH "/sys/kernel/iommu_groups"

/* Allow the application to print its usage message too if set */
static rte_usage_hook_t	rte_application_usage_hook = NULL;

/* early configuration structure, when memory config is not mmapped */
static struct rte_mem_config early_mem_config;

/* define fd variable here, because file needs to be kept open for the
 * duration of the program, as we hold a write lock on it in the primary proc */
static int mem_cfg_fd = -1;

static struct flock wr_lock = {
		.l_type = F_WRLCK,
		.l_whence = SEEK_SET,
		.l_start = offsetof(struct rte_mem_config, memsegs),
		.l_len = sizeof(early_mem_config.memsegs),
};

/* Address of global and public configuration */
static struct rte_config rte_config = {
		.mem_config = &early_mem_config,
};

/* internal configuration (per-core) */
struct lcore_config lcore_config[RTE_MAX_LCORE];

/* internal configuration */
struct internal_config internal_config;

/* used by rte_rdtsc() */
int rte_cycles_vmware_tsc_map;

/* platform-specific runtime dir */
static char runtime_dir[PATH_MAX];

static const char *default_runtime_dir = "/var/run";

int
eal_create_runtime_dir(void)
{
	const char *directory = default_runtime_dir;
	const char *xdg_runtime_dir = getenv("XDG_RUNTIME_DIR");
	const char *fallback = "/tmp";
	char tmp[PATH_MAX];
	int ret;

	if (getuid() != 0) {
		/* try XDG path first, fall back to /tmp */
		if (xdg_runtime_dir != NULL)
			directory = xdg_runtime_dir;
		else
			directory = fallback;
	}
	/* create DPDK subdirectory under runtime dir */
	ret = snprintf(tmp, sizeof(tmp), "%s/dpdk", directory);
	if (ret < 0 || ret == sizeof(tmp)) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Error creating DPDK runtime path name\n");
		return -1;
	}

	/* create prefix-specific subdirectory under DPDK runtime dir */
	ret = snprintf(runtime_dir, sizeof(runtime_dir), "%s/%s",
			tmp, eal_get_hugefile_prefix());
	if (ret < 0 || ret == sizeof(runtime_dir)) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Error creating prefix-specific runtime path name\n");
		return -1;
	}

	/* create the path if it doesn't exist. no "mkdir -p" here, so do it
	 * step by step.
	 */
	ret = mkdir(tmp, 0700);
	if (ret < 0 && errno != EEXIST) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Error creating '%s': %s\n",
			tmp, strerror(errno));
		return -1;
	}

	ret = mkdir(runtime_dir, 0700);
	if (ret < 0 && errno != EEXIST) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Error creating '%s': %s\n",
			runtime_dir, strerror(errno));
		return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}

int
eal_clean_runtime_dir(void)
{
	DIR *dir;
	struct dirent *dirent;
	int dir_fd, fd, lck_result;
	static const char * const filters[] = {
		"fbarray_*",
		"mp_socket_*"
	};

	/* open directory */
	dir = opendir(runtime_dir);
	if (!dir) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Unable to open runtime directory %s\n",
				runtime_dir);
		goto error;
	}
	dir_fd = dirfd(dir);

	/* lock the directory before doing anything, to avoid races */
	if (flock(dir_fd, LOCK_EX) < 0) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Unable to lock runtime directory %s\n",
			runtime_dir);
		goto error;
	}

	dirent = readdir(dir);
	if (!dirent) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Unable to read runtime directory %s\n",
				runtime_dir);
		goto error;
	}

	while (dirent != NULL) {
		unsigned int f_idx;
		bool skip = true;

		/* skip files that don't match the patterns */
		for (f_idx = 0; f_idx < RTE_DIM(filters); f_idx++) {
			const char *filter = filters[f_idx];

			if (fnmatch(filter, dirent->d_name, 0) == 0) {
				skip = false;
				break;
			}
		}
		if (skip) {
			dirent = readdir(dir);
			continue;
		}

		/* try and lock the file */
		fd = openat(dir_fd, dirent->d_name, O_RDONLY);

		/* skip to next file */
		if (fd == -1) {
			dirent = readdir(dir);
			continue;
		}

		/* non-blocking lock */
		lck_result = flock(fd, LOCK_EX | LOCK_NB);

		/* if lock succeeds, remove the file */
		if (lck_result != -1)
			unlinkat(dir_fd, dirent->d_name, 0);
		close(fd);
		dirent = readdir(dir);
	}

	/* closedir closes dir_fd and drops the lock */
	closedir(dir);
	return 0;

error:
	if (dir)
		closedir(dir);

	RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Error while clearing runtime dir: %s\n",
		strerror(errno));

	return -1;
}

const char *
rte_eal_get_runtime_dir(void)
{
	return runtime_dir;
}

/* Return user provided mbuf pool ops name */
const char *
rte_eal_mbuf_user_pool_ops(void)
{
	return internal_config.user_mbuf_pool_ops_name;
}

/* Return a pointer to the configuration structure */
struct rte_config *
rte_eal_get_configuration(void)
{
	return &rte_config;
}

enum rte_iova_mode
rte_eal_iova_mode(void)
{
	return rte_eal_get_configuration()->iova_mode;
}

/* parse a sysfs (or other) file containing one integer value */
int
eal_parse_sysfs_value(const char *filename, unsigned long *val)
{
	FILE *f;
	char buf[BUFSIZ];
	char *end = NULL;

	if ((f = fopen(filename, "r")) == NULL) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "%s(): cannot open sysfs value %s\n",
			__func__, filename);
		return -1;
	}

	if (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), f) == NULL) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "%s(): cannot read sysfs value %s\n",
			__func__, filename);
		fclose(f);
		return -1;
	}
	*val = strtoul(buf, &end, 0);
	if ((buf[0] == '\0') || (end == NULL) || (*end != '\n')) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "%s(): cannot parse sysfs value %s\n",
				__func__, filename);
		fclose(f);
		return -1;
	}
	fclose(f);
	return 0;
}


/* create memory configuration in shared/mmap memory. Take out
 * a write lock on the memsegs, so we can auto-detect primary/secondary.
 * This means we never close the file while running (auto-close on exit).
 * We also don't lock the whole file, so that in future we can use read-locks
 * on other parts, e.g. memzones, to detect if there are running secondary
 * processes. */
static int
rte_eal_config_create(void)
{
	size_t page_sz = sysconf(_SC_PAGE_SIZE);
	size_t cfg_len = sizeof(*rte_config.mem_config);
	size_t cfg_len_aligned = RTE_ALIGN(cfg_len, page_sz);
	void *rte_mem_cfg_addr, *mapped_mem_cfg_addr;
	int retval;

	const char *pathname = eal_runtime_config_path();

	if (internal_config.no_shconf)
		return 0;

	/* map the config before hugepage address so that we don't waste a page */
	if (internal_config.base_virtaddr != 0)
		rte_mem_cfg_addr = (void *)
			RTE_ALIGN_FLOOR(internal_config.base_virtaddr -
			sizeof(struct rte_mem_config), page_sz);
	else
		rte_mem_cfg_addr = NULL;

	if (mem_cfg_fd < 0){
		mem_cfg_fd = open(pathname, O_RDWR | O_CREAT, 0600);
		if (mem_cfg_fd < 0) {
			RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Cannot open '%s' for rte_mem_config\n",
				pathname);
			return -1;
		}
	}

	retval = ftruncate(mem_cfg_fd, cfg_len);
	if (retval < 0){
		close(mem_cfg_fd);
		mem_cfg_fd = -1;
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Cannot resize '%s' for rte_mem_config\n",
			pathname);
		return -1;
	}

	retval = fcntl(mem_cfg_fd, F_SETLK, &wr_lock);
	if (retval < 0){
		close(mem_cfg_fd);
		mem_cfg_fd = -1;
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Cannot create lock on '%s'. Is another primary "
			"process running?\n", pathname);
		return -1;
	}

	/* reserve space for config */
	rte_mem_cfg_addr = eal_get_virtual_area(rte_mem_cfg_addr,
			&cfg_len_aligned, page_sz, 0, 0);
	if (rte_mem_cfg_addr == NULL) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Cannot mmap memory for rte_config\n");
		close(mem_cfg_fd);
		mem_cfg_fd = -1;
		return -1;
	}

	/* remap the actual file into the space we've just reserved */
	mapped_mem_cfg_addr = mmap(rte_mem_cfg_addr,
			cfg_len_aligned, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
			MAP_SHARED | MAP_FIXED, mem_cfg_fd, 0);
	if (mapped_mem_cfg_addr == MAP_FAILED) {
		munmap(rte_mem_cfg_addr, cfg_len);
		close(mem_cfg_fd);
		mem_cfg_fd = -1;
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Cannot remap memory for rte_config\n");
		return -1;
	}

	memcpy(rte_mem_cfg_addr, &early_mem_config, sizeof(early_mem_config));
	rte_config.mem_config = rte_mem_cfg_addr;

	/* store address of the config in the config itself so that secondary
	 * processes could later map the config into this exact location */
	rte_config.mem_config->mem_cfg_addr = (uintptr_t) rte_mem_cfg_addr;

	rte_config.mem_config->dma_maskbits = 0;

	return 0;
}

/* attach to an existing shared memory config */
static int
rte_eal_config_attach(void)
{
	struct rte_mem_config *mem_config;

	const char *pathname = eal_runtime_config_path();

	if (internal_config.no_shconf)
		return 0;

	if (mem_cfg_fd < 0){
		mem_cfg_fd = open(pathname, O_RDWR);
		if (mem_cfg_fd < 0) {
			RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Cannot open '%s' for rte_mem_config\n",
				pathname);
			return -1;
		}
	}

	/* map it as read-only first */
	mem_config = (struct rte_mem_config *) mmap(NULL, sizeof(*mem_config),
			PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, mem_cfg_fd, 0);
	if (mem_config == MAP_FAILED) {
		close(mem_cfg_fd);
		mem_cfg_fd = -1;
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Cannot mmap memory for rte_config! error %i (%s)\n",
			errno, strerror(errno));
		return -1;
	}

	rte_config.mem_config = mem_config;

	return 0;
}

/* reattach the shared config at exact memory location primary process has it */
static int
rte_eal_config_reattach(void)
{
	struct rte_mem_config *mem_config;
	void *rte_mem_cfg_addr;

	if (internal_config.no_shconf)
		return 0;

	/* save the address primary process has mapped shared config to */
	rte_mem_cfg_addr = (void *) (uintptr_t) rte_config.mem_config->mem_cfg_addr;

	/* unmap original config */
	munmap(rte_config.mem_config, sizeof(struct rte_mem_config));

	/* remap the config at proper address */
	mem_config = (struct rte_mem_config *) mmap(rte_mem_cfg_addr,
			sizeof(*mem_config), PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED,
			mem_cfg_fd, 0);

	close(mem_cfg_fd);
	mem_cfg_fd = -1;

	if (mem_config == MAP_FAILED || mem_config != rte_mem_cfg_addr) {
		if (mem_config != MAP_FAILED) {
			/* errno is stale, don't use */
			RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Cannot mmap memory for rte_config at [%p], got [%p]"
				" - please use '--" OPT_BASE_VIRTADDR
				"' option\n", rte_mem_cfg_addr, mem_config);
			munmap(mem_config, sizeof(struct rte_mem_config));
			return -1;
		}
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Cannot mmap memory for rte_config! error %i (%s)\n",
			errno, strerror(errno));
		return -1;
	}

	rte_config.mem_config = mem_config;

	return 0;
}

/* Detect if we are a primary or a secondary process */
enum rte_proc_type_t
eal_proc_type_detect(void)
{
	enum rte_proc_type_t ptype = RTE_PROC_PRIMARY;
	const char *pathname = eal_runtime_config_path();

	/* if there no shared config, there can be no secondary processes */
	if (!internal_config.no_shconf) {
		/* if we can open the file but not get a write-lock we are a
		 * secondary process. NOTE: if we get a file handle back, we
		 * keep that open and don't close it to prevent a race condition
		 * between multiple opens.
		 */
		if (((mem_cfg_fd = open(pathname, O_RDWR)) >= 0) &&
				(fcntl(mem_cfg_fd, F_SETLK, &wr_lock) < 0))
			ptype = RTE_PROC_SECONDARY;
	}

	RTE_LOG(INFO, EAL, "Auto-detected process type: %s\n",
			ptype == RTE_PROC_PRIMARY ? "PRIMARY" : "SECONDARY");

	return ptype;
}

/* Sets up rte_config structure with the pointer to shared memory config.*/
static int
rte_config_init(void)
{
	rte_config.process_type = internal_config.process_type;

	switch (rte_config.process_type){
	case RTE_PROC_PRIMARY:
		if (rte_eal_config_create() < 0)
			return -1;
		eal_mcfg_update_from_internal();
		break;
	case RTE_PROC_SECONDARY:
		if (rte_eal_config_attach() < 0)
			return -1;
		eal_mcfg_wait_complete();
		if (eal_mcfg_check_version() < 0) {
			RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Primary and secondary process DPDK version mismatch\n");
			return -1;
		}
		if (rte_eal_config_reattach() < 0)
			return -1;
		eal_mcfg_update_internal();
		break;
	case RTE_PROC_AUTO:
	case RTE_PROC_INVALID:
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Invalid process type %d\n",
			rte_config.process_type);
		return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}

/* Unlocks hugepage directories that were locked by eal_hugepage_info_init */
static void
eal_hugedirs_unlock(void)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < MAX_HUGEPAGE_SIZES; i++)
	{
		/* skip uninitialized */
		if (internal_config.hugepage_info[i].lock_descriptor < 0)
			continue;
		/* unlock hugepage file */
		flock(internal_config.hugepage_info[i].lock_descriptor, LOCK_UN);
		close(internal_config.hugepage_info[i].lock_descriptor);
		/* reset the field */
		internal_config.hugepage_info[i].lock_descriptor = -1;
	}
}

/* display usage */
static void
eal_usage(const char *prgname)
{
	printf("\nUsage: %s ", prgname);
	eal_common_usage();
	printf("EAL Linux options:\n"
	       "  --"OPT_SOCKET_MEM"        Memory to allocate on sockets (comma separated values)\n"
	       "  --"OPT_SOCKET_LIMIT"      Limit memory allocation on sockets (comma separated values)\n"
	       "  --"OPT_HUGE_DIR"          Directory where hugetlbfs is mounted\n"
	       "  --"OPT_FILE_PREFIX"       Prefix for hugepage filenames\n"
	       "  --"OPT_CREATE_UIO_DEV"    Create /dev/uioX (usually done by hotplug)\n"
	       "  --"OPT_VFIO_INTR"         Interrupt mode for VFIO (legacy|msi|msix)\n"
	       "  --"OPT_LEGACY_MEM"        Legacy memory mode (no dynamic allocation, contiguous segments)\n"
	       "  --"OPT_SINGLE_FILE_SEGMENTS" Put all hugepage memory in single files\n"
	       "  --"OPT_MATCH_ALLOCATIONS" Free hugepages exactly as allocated\n"
	       "\n");
	/* Allow the application to print its usage message too if hook is set */
	if ( rte_application_usage_hook ) {
		printf("===== Application Usage =====\n\n");
		rte_application_usage_hook(prgname);
	}
}

/* Set a per-application usage message */
rte_usage_hook_t
rte_set_application_usage_hook( rte_usage_hook_t usage_func )
{
	rte_usage_hook_t	old_func;

	/* Will be NULL on the first call to denote the last usage routine. */
	old_func					= rte_application_usage_hook;
	rte_application_usage_hook	= usage_func;

	return old_func;
}

static int
eal_parse_socket_arg(char *strval, volatile uint64_t *socket_arg)
{
	char * arg[RTE_MAX_NUMA_NODES];
	char *end;
	int arg_num, i, len;
	uint64_t total_mem = 0;

	len = strnlen(strval, SOCKET_MEM_STRLEN);
	if (len == SOCKET_MEM_STRLEN) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "--socket-mem is too long\n");
		return -1;
	}

	/* all other error cases will be caught later */
	if (!isdigit(strval[len-1]))
		return -1;

	/* split the optarg into separate socket values */
	arg_num = rte_strsplit(strval, len,
			arg, RTE_MAX_NUMA_NODES, ',');

	/* if split failed, or 0 arguments */
	if (arg_num <= 0)
		return -1;

	/* parse each defined socket option */
	errno = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < arg_num; i++) {
		uint64_t val;
		end = NULL;
		val = strtoull(arg[i], &end, 10);

		/* check for invalid input */
		if ((errno != 0)  ||
				(arg[i][0] == '\0') || (end == NULL) || (*end != '\0'))
			return -1;
		val <<= 20;
		total_mem += val;
		socket_arg[i] = val;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int
eal_parse_vfio_intr(const char *mode)
{
	unsigned i;
	static struct {
		const char *name;
		enum rte_intr_mode value;
	} map[] = {
		{ "legacy", RTE_INTR_MODE_LEGACY },
		{ "msi", RTE_INTR_MODE_MSI },
		{ "msix", RTE_INTR_MODE_MSIX },
	};

	for (i = 0; i < RTE_DIM(map); i++) {
		if (!strcmp(mode, map[i].name)) {
			internal_config.vfio_intr_mode = map[i].value;
			return 0;
		}
	}
	return -1;
}

/* Parse the arguments for --log-level only */
static void
eal_log_level_parse(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int opt;
	char **argvopt;
	int option_index;
	const int old_optind = optind;
	const int old_optopt = optopt;
	char * const old_optarg = optarg;

	argvopt = argv;
	optind = 1;

	while ((opt = getopt_long(argc, argvopt, eal_short_options,
				  eal_long_options, &option_index)) != EOF) {

		int ret;

		/* getopt is not happy, stop right now */
		if (opt == '?')
			break;

		ret = (opt == OPT_LOG_LEVEL_NUM) ?
			eal_parse_common_option(opt, optarg, &internal_config) : 0;

		/* common parser is not happy */
		if (ret < 0)
			break;
	}

	/* restore getopt lib */
	optind = old_optind;
	optopt = old_optopt;
	optarg = old_optarg;
}

/* Parse the argument given in the command line of the application */
static int
eal_parse_args(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int opt, ret;
	char **argvopt;
	int option_index;
	char *prgname = argv[0];
	const int old_optind = optind;
	const int old_optopt = optopt;
	char * const old_optarg = optarg;

	argvopt = argv;
	optind = 1;

	while ((opt = getopt_long(argc, argvopt, eal_short_options,
				  eal_long_options, &option_index)) != EOF) {

		/* getopt didn't recognise the option */
		if (opt == '?') {
			eal_usage(prgname);
			ret = -1;
			goto out;
		}

		ret = eal_parse_common_option(opt, optarg, &internal_config);
		/* common parser is not happy */
		if (ret < 0) {
			eal_usage(prgname);
			ret = -1;
			goto out;
		}
		/* common parser handled this option */
		if (ret == 0)
			continue;

		switch (opt) {
		case 'h':
			eal_usage(prgname);
			exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);

		case OPT_HUGE_DIR_NUM:
		{
			char *hdir = strdup(optarg);
			if (hdir == NULL)
				RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Could not store hugepage directory\n");
			else {
				/* free old hugepage dir */
				if (internal_config.hugepage_dir != NULL)
					free(internal_config.hugepage_dir);
				internal_config.hugepage_dir = hdir;
			}
			break;
		}
		case OPT_FILE_PREFIX_NUM:
		{
			char *prefix = strdup(optarg);
			if (prefix == NULL)
				RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Could not store file prefix\n");
			else {
				/* free old prefix */
				if (internal_config.hugefile_prefix != NULL)
					free(internal_config.hugefile_prefix);
				internal_config.hugefile_prefix = prefix;
			}
			break;
		}
		case OPT_SOCKET_MEM_NUM:
			if (eal_parse_socket_arg(optarg,
					internal_config.socket_mem) < 0) {
				RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "invalid parameters for --"
						OPT_SOCKET_MEM "\n");
				eal_usage(prgname);
				ret = -1;
				goto out;
			}
			internal_config.force_sockets = 1;
			break;

		case OPT_SOCKET_LIMIT_NUM:
			if (eal_parse_socket_arg(optarg,
					internal_config.socket_limit) < 0) {
				RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "invalid parameters for --"
						OPT_SOCKET_LIMIT "\n");
				eal_usage(prgname);
				ret = -1;
				goto out;
			}
			internal_config.force_socket_limits = 1;
			break;

		case OPT_VFIO_INTR_NUM:
			if (eal_parse_vfio_intr(optarg) < 0) {
				RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "invalid parameters for --"
						OPT_VFIO_INTR "\n");
				eal_usage(prgname);
				ret = -1;
				goto out;
			}
			break;

		case OPT_CREATE_UIO_DEV_NUM:
			internal_config.create_uio_dev = 1;
			break;

		case OPT_MBUF_POOL_OPS_NAME_NUM:
		{
			char *ops_name = strdup(optarg);
			if (ops_name == NULL)
				RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Could not store mbuf pool ops name\n");
			else {
				/* free old ops name */
				if (internal_config.user_mbuf_pool_ops_name !=
						NULL)
					free(internal_config.user_mbuf_pool_ops_name);

				internal_config.user_mbuf_pool_ops_name =
						ops_name;
			}
			break;
		}
		case OPT_MATCH_ALLOCATIONS_NUM:
			internal_config.match_allocations = 1;
			break;

		default:
			if (opt < OPT_LONG_MIN_NUM && isprint(opt)) {
				RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Option %c is not supported "
					"on Linux\n", opt);
			} else if (opt >= OPT_LONG_MIN_NUM &&
				   opt < OPT_LONG_MAX_NUM) {
				RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Option %s is not supported "
					"on Linux\n",
					eal_long_options[option_index].name);
			} else {
				RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Option %d is not supported "
					"on Linux\n", opt);
			}
			eal_usage(prgname);
			ret = -1;
			goto out;
		}
	}

	/* create runtime data directory */
	if (internal_config.no_shconf == 0 &&
			eal_create_runtime_dir() < 0) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Cannot create runtime directory\n");
		ret = -1;
		goto out;
	}

	if (eal_adjust_config(&internal_config) != 0) {
		ret = -1;
		goto out;
	}

	/* sanity checks */
	if (eal_check_common_options(&internal_config) != 0) {
		eal_usage(prgname);
		ret = -1;
		goto out;
	}

	if (optind >= 0)
		argv[optind-1] = prgname;
	ret = optind-1;

out:
	/* restore getopt lib */
	optind = old_optind;
	optopt = old_optopt;
	optarg = old_optarg;

	return ret;
}

static int
check_socket(const struct rte_memseg_list *msl, void *arg)
{
	int *socket_id = arg;

	if (msl->external)
		return 0;

	return *socket_id == msl->socket_id;
}

static void
eal_check_mem_on_local_socket(void)
{
	int socket_id;

	socket_id = rte_lcore_to_socket_id(rte_config.master_lcore);

	if (rte_memseg_list_walk(check_socket, &socket_id) == 0)
		RTE_LOG(WARNING, EAL, "WARNING: Master core has no memory on local socket!\n");
}

static int
sync_func(__rte_unused void *arg)
{
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Request iopl privilege for all RPL, returns 0 on success
 * iopl() call is mostly for the i386 architecture. For other architectures,
 * return -1 to indicate IO privilege can't be changed in this way.
 */
int
rte_eal_iopl_init(void)
{
#if defined(RTE_ARCH_X86)
	if (iopl(3) != 0)
		return -1;
#endif
	return 0;
}

#ifdef VFIO_PRESENT
static int rte_eal_vfio_setup(void)
{
	if (rte_vfio_enable("vfio"))
		return -1;

	return 0;
}
#endif

static void rte_eal_init_alert(const char *msg)
{
	fprintf(stderr, "EAL: FATAL: %s\n", msg);
	RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "%s\n", msg);
}

/*
 * On Linux 3.6+, even if VFIO is not loaded, whenever IOMMU is enabled in the
 * BIOS and in the kernel, /sys/kernel/iommu_groups path will contain kernel
 * IOMMU groups. If IOMMU is not enabled, that path would be empty.
 * Therefore, checking if the path is empty will tell us if IOMMU is enabled.
 */
static bool
is_iommu_enabled(void)
{
	DIR *dir = opendir(KERNEL_IOMMU_GROUPS_PATH);
	struct dirent *d;
	int n = 0;

	/* if directory doesn't exist, assume IOMMU is not enabled */
	if (dir == NULL)
		return false;

	while ((d = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {
		/* skip dot and dot-dot */
		if (++n > 2)
			break;
	}
	closedir(dir);

	return n > 2;
}

/* Launch threads, called at application init(). */
int
rte_eal_init(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int i, fctret, ret;
	pthread_t thread_id;
	static rte_atomic32_t run_once = RTE_ATOMIC32_INIT(0);
	const char *p;
	static char logid[PATH_MAX];
	char cpuset[RTE_CPU_AFFINITY_STR_LEN];
	char thread_name[RTE_MAX_THREAD_NAME_LEN];
	bool phys_addrs;

	/* checks if the machine is adequate */
	if (!rte_cpu_is_supported()) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("unsupported cpu type.");
		rte_errno = ENOTSUP;
		return -1;
	}

	if (!rte_atomic32_test_and_set(&run_once)) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("already called initialization.");
		rte_errno = EALREADY;
		return -1;
	}

	p = strrchr(argv[0], '/');
	strlcpy(logid, p ? p + 1 : argv[0], sizeof(logid));
	thread_id = pthread_self();

	eal_reset_internal_config(&internal_config);

	/* set log level as early as possible */
	eal_log_level_parse(argc, argv);

	/* clone argv to report out later in telemetry */
	eal_save_args(argc, argv);

	if (rte_eal_cpu_init() < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot detect lcores.");
		rte_errno = ENOTSUP;
		return -1;
	}

	fctret = eal_parse_args(argc, argv);
	if (fctret < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Invalid 'command line' arguments.");
		rte_errno = EINVAL;
		rte_atomic32_clear(&run_once);
		return -1;
	}

	if (eal_plugins_init() < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot init plugins");
		rte_errno = EINVAL;
		rte_atomic32_clear(&run_once);
		return -1;
	}

	if (eal_trace_init() < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot init trace");
		rte_errno = EFAULT;
		return -1;
	}

	if (eal_option_device_parse()) {
		rte_errno = ENODEV;
		rte_atomic32_clear(&run_once);
		return -1;
	}

	if (rte_config_init() < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot init config");
		return -1;
	}

	if (rte_eal_intr_init() < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot init interrupt-handling thread");
		return -1;
	}

	if (rte_eal_alarm_init() < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot init alarm");
		/* rte_eal_alarm_init sets rte_errno on failure. */
		return -1;
	}

	/* Put mp channel init before bus scan so that we can init the vdev
	 * bus through mp channel in the secondary process before the bus scan.
	 */
	if (rte_mp_channel_init() < 0 && rte_errno != ENOTSUP) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("failed to init mp channel");
		if (rte_eal_process_type() == RTE_PROC_PRIMARY) {
			rte_errno = EFAULT;
			return -1;
		}
	}

	/* register multi-process action callbacks for hotplug */
	if (eal_mp_dev_hotplug_init() < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("failed to register mp callback for hotplug");
		return -1;
	}

	if (rte_bus_scan()) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot scan the buses for devices");
		rte_errno = ENODEV;
		rte_atomic32_clear(&run_once);
		return -1;
	}

	phys_addrs = rte_eal_using_phys_addrs() != 0;

	/* if no EAL option "--iova-mode=<pa|va>", use bus IOVA scheme */
	if (internal_config.iova_mode == RTE_IOVA_DC) {
		/* autodetect the IOVA mapping mode */
		enum rte_iova_mode iova_mode = rte_bus_get_iommu_class();

		if (iova_mode == RTE_IOVA_DC) {
			RTE_LOG(DEBUG, EAL, "Buses did not request a specific IOVA mode.\n");

			if (!phys_addrs) {
				/* if we have no access to physical addresses,
				 * pick IOVA as VA mode.
				 */
				iova_mode = RTE_IOVA_VA;
				RTE_LOG(DEBUG, EAL, "Physical addresses are unavailable, selecting IOVA as VA mode.\n");
#if defined(RTE_LIBRTE_KNI) && LINUX_VERSION_CODE >= KERNEL_VERSION(4, 10, 0)
			} else if (rte_eal_check_module("rte_kni") == 1) {
				iova_mode = RTE_IOVA_PA;
				RTE_LOG(DEBUG, EAL, "KNI is loaded, selecting IOVA as PA mode for better KNI performance.\n");
#endif
			} else if (is_iommu_enabled()) {
				/* we have an IOMMU, pick IOVA as VA mode */
				iova_mode = RTE_IOVA_VA;
				RTE_LOG(DEBUG, EAL, "IOMMU is available, selecting IOVA as VA mode.\n");
			} else {
				/* physical addresses available, and no IOMMU
				 * found, so pick IOVA as PA.
				 */
				iova_mode = RTE_IOVA_PA;
				RTE_LOG(DEBUG, EAL, "IOMMU is not available, selecting IOVA as PA mode.\n");
			}
		}
#if defined(RTE_LIBRTE_KNI) && LINUX_VERSION_CODE < KERNEL_VERSION(4, 10, 0)
		/* Workaround for KNI which requires physical address to work
		 * in kernels < 4.10
		 */
		if (iova_mode == RTE_IOVA_VA &&
				rte_eal_check_module("rte_kni") == 1) {
			if (phys_addrs) {
				iova_mode = RTE_IOVA_PA;
				RTE_LOG(WARNING, EAL, "Forcing IOVA as 'PA' because KNI module is loaded\n");
			} else {
				RTE_LOG(DEBUG, EAL, "KNI can not work since physical addresses are unavailable\n");
			}
		}
#endif
		rte_eal_get_configuration()->iova_mode = iova_mode;
	} else {
		rte_eal_get_configuration()->iova_mode =
			internal_config.iova_mode;
	}

	if (rte_eal_iova_mode() == RTE_IOVA_PA && !phys_addrs) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot use IOVA as 'PA' since physical addresses are not available");
		rte_errno = EINVAL;
		return -1;
	}

	RTE_LOG(INFO, EAL, "Selected IOVA mode '%s'\n",
		rte_eal_iova_mode() == RTE_IOVA_PA ? "PA" : "VA");

	if (internal_config.no_hugetlbfs == 0) {
		/* rte_config isn't initialized yet */
		ret = internal_config.process_type == RTE_PROC_PRIMARY ?
				eal_hugepage_info_init() :
				eal_hugepage_info_read();
		if (ret < 0) {
			rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot get hugepage information.");
			rte_errno = EACCES;
			rte_atomic32_clear(&run_once);
			return -1;
		}
	}

	if (internal_config.memory == 0 && internal_config.force_sockets == 0) {
		if (internal_config.no_hugetlbfs)
			internal_config.memory = MEMSIZE_IF_NO_HUGE_PAGE;
	}

	if (internal_config.vmware_tsc_map == 1) {
#ifdef RTE_LIBRTE_EAL_VMWARE_TSC_MAP_SUPPORT
		rte_cycles_vmware_tsc_map = 1;
		RTE_LOG (DEBUG, EAL, "Using VMWARE TSC MAP, "
				"you must have monitor_control.pseudo_perfctr = TRUE\n");
#else
		RTE_LOG (WARNING, EAL, "Ignoring --vmware-tsc-map because "
				"RTE_LIBRTE_EAL_VMWARE_TSC_MAP_SUPPORT is not set\n");
#endif
	}

	if (rte_eal_log_init(logid, internal_config.syslog_facility) < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot init logging.");
		rte_errno = ENOMEM;
		rte_atomic32_clear(&run_once);
		return -1;
	}

#ifdef VFIO_PRESENT
	if (rte_eal_vfio_setup() < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot init VFIO");
		rte_errno = EAGAIN;
		rte_atomic32_clear(&run_once);
		return -1;
	}
#endif
	/* in secondary processes, memory init may allocate additional fbarrays
	 * not present in primary processes, so to avoid any potential issues,
	 * initialize memzones first.
	 */
	if (rte_eal_memzone_init() < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot init memzone");
		rte_errno = ENODEV;
		return -1;
	}

	if (rte_eal_memory_init() < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot init memory");
		rte_errno = ENOMEM;
		return -1;
	}

	/* the directories are locked during eal_hugepage_info_init */
	eal_hugedirs_unlock();

	if (rte_eal_malloc_heap_init() < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot init malloc heap");
		rte_errno = ENODEV;
		return -1;
	}

	if (rte_eal_tailqs_init() < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot init tail queues for objects");
		rte_errno = EFAULT;
		return -1;
	}

	if (rte_eal_timer_init() < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot init HPET or TSC timers");
		rte_errno = ENOTSUP;
		return -1;
	}

	eal_check_mem_on_local_socket();

	eal_thread_init_master(rte_config.master_lcore);

	ret = eal_thread_dump_affinity(cpuset, sizeof(cpuset));

	RTE_LOG(DEBUG, EAL, "Master lcore %u is ready (tid=%zx;cpuset=[%s%s])\n",
		rte_config.master_lcore, (uintptr_t)thread_id, cpuset,
		ret == 0 ? "" : "...");

	RTE_LCORE_FOREACH_SLAVE(i) {

		/*
		 * create communication pipes between master thread
		 * and children
		 */
		if (pipe(lcore_config[i].pipe_master2slave) < 0)
			rte_panic("Cannot create pipe\n");
		if (pipe(lcore_config[i].pipe_slave2master) < 0)
			rte_panic("Cannot create pipe\n");

		lcore_config[i].state = WAIT;

		/* create a thread for each lcore */
		ret = pthread_create(&lcore_config[i].thread_id, NULL,
				     eal_thread_loop, NULL);
		if (ret != 0)
			rte_panic("Cannot create thread\n");

		/* Set thread_name for aid in debugging. */
		snprintf(thread_name, sizeof(thread_name),
			"lcore-slave-%d", i);
		ret = rte_thread_setname(lcore_config[i].thread_id,
						thread_name);
		if (ret != 0)
			RTE_LOG(DEBUG, EAL,
				"Cannot set name for lcore thread\n");
	}

	/*
	 * Launch a dummy function on all slave lcores, so that master lcore
	 * knows they are all ready when this function returns.
	 */
	rte_eal_mp_remote_launch(sync_func, NULL, SKIP_MASTER);
	rte_eal_mp_wait_lcore();

	/* initialize services so vdevs register service during bus_probe. */
	ret = rte_service_init();
	if (ret) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("rte_service_init() failed");
		rte_errno = ENOEXEC;
		return -1;
	}

	/* Probe all the buses and devices/drivers on them */
	if (rte_bus_probe()) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot probe devices");
		rte_errno = ENOTSUP;
		return -1;
	}

#ifdef VFIO_PRESENT
	/* Register mp action after probe() so that we got enough info */
	if (rte_vfio_is_enabled("vfio") && vfio_mp_sync_setup() < 0)
		return -1;
#endif

	/* initialize default service/lcore mappings and start running. Ignore
	 * -ENOTSUP, as it indicates no service coremask passed to EAL.
	 */
	ret = rte_service_start_with_defaults();
	if (ret < 0 && ret != -ENOTSUP) {
		rte_errno = ENOEXEC;
		return -1;
	}

	/*
	 * Clean up unused files in runtime directory. We do this at the end of
	 * init and not at the beginning because we want to clean stuff up
	 * whether we are primary or secondary process, but we cannot remove
	 * primary process' files because secondary should be able to run even
	 * if primary process is dead.
	 *
	 * In no_shconf mode, no runtime directory is created in the first
	 * place, so no cleanup needed.
	 */
	if (!internal_config.no_shconf && eal_clean_runtime_dir() < 0) {
		rte_eal_init_alert("Cannot clear runtime directory\n");
		return -1;
	}
	if (!internal_config.no_telemetry) {
		const char *error_str = NULL;
		if (rte_telemetry_init(rte_eal_get_runtime_dir(),
				&internal_config.ctrl_cpuset, &error_str)
				!= 0) {
			rte_eal_init_alert(error_str);
			return -1;
		}
		if (error_str != NULL)
			RTE_LOG(NOTICE, EAL, "%s\n", error_str);
	}

	eal_mcfg_complete();

	return fctret;
}

static int
mark_freeable(const struct rte_memseg_list *msl, const struct rte_memseg *ms,
		void *arg __rte_unused)
{
	/* ms is const, so find this memseg */
	struct rte_memseg *found;

	if (msl->external)
		return 0;

	found = rte_mem_virt2memseg(ms->addr, msl);

	found->flags &= ~RTE_MEMSEG_FLAG_DO_NOT_FREE;

	return 0;
}

int
rte_eal_cleanup(void)
{
	/* if we're in a primary process, we need to mark hugepages as freeable
	 * so that finalization can release them back to the system.
	 */
	if (rte_eal_process_type() == RTE_PROC_PRIMARY)
		rte_memseg_walk(mark_freeable, NULL);
	rte_service_finalize();
	rte_mp_channel_cleanup();
	rte_trace_save();
	eal_trace_fini();
	eal_cleanup_config(&internal_config);
	return 0;
}

enum rte_proc_type_t
rte_eal_process_type(void)
{
	return rte_config.process_type;
}

int rte_eal_has_hugepages(void)
{
	return ! internal_config.no_hugetlbfs;
}

int rte_eal_has_pci(void)
{
	return !internal_config.no_pci;
}

int rte_eal_create_uio_dev(void)
{
	return internal_config.create_uio_dev;
}

enum rte_intr_mode
rte_eal_vfio_intr_mode(void)
{
	return internal_config.vfio_intr_mode;
}

int
rte_eal_check_module(const char *module_name)
{
	char sysfs_mod_name[PATH_MAX];
	struct stat st;
	int n;

	if (NULL == module_name)
		return -1;

	/* Check if there is sysfs mounted */
	if (stat("/sys/module", &st) != 0) {
		RTE_LOG(DEBUG, EAL, "sysfs is not mounted! error %i (%s)\n",
			errno, strerror(errno));
		return -1;
	}

	/* A module might be built-in, therefore try sysfs */
	n = snprintf(sysfs_mod_name, PATH_MAX, "/sys/module/%s", module_name);
	if (n < 0 || n > PATH_MAX) {
		RTE_LOG(DEBUG, EAL, "Could not format module path\n");
		return -1;
	}

	if (stat(sysfs_mod_name, &st) != 0) {
		RTE_LOG(DEBUG, EAL, "Module %s not found! error %i (%s)\n",
		        sysfs_mod_name, errno, strerror(errno));
		return 0;
	}

	/* Module has been found */
	return 1;
}