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/*-
 *   BSD LICENSE
 * 
 *   Copyright(c) 2010-2014 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
 *   All rights reserved.
 * 
 *   Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 *   modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 *   are met:
 * 
 *     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *       the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *       distribution.
 *     * Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its
 *       contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *       from this software without specific prior written permission.
 * 
 *   THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 *   "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 *   LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
 *   A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
 *   OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 *   SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 *   LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 *   DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 *   THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 *   (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
 *   OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/file.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <fnmatch.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/queue.h>

#include <rte_memory.h>
#include <rte_memzone.h>
#include <rte_tailq.h>
#include <rte_eal.h>
#include <rte_launch.h>
#include <rte_per_lcore.h>
#include <rte_lcore.h>
#include <rte_debug.h>
#include <rte_log.h>
#include <rte_common.h>
#include "rte_string_fns.h"
#include "eal_internal_cfg.h"
#include "eal_hugepages.h"
#include "eal_filesystem.h"

static const char sys_dir_path[] = "/sys/kernel/mm/hugepages";

static int32_t
get_num_hugepages(const char *subdir)
{
	char path[PATH_MAX];
	long unsigned num_pages = 0;
	const char *nr_hp_file;

	/* if secondary process, just look at the number of hugepages,
	 * otherwise look at number of free hugepages */
	if (internal_config.process_type == RTE_PROC_SECONDARY)
		nr_hp_file = "nr_hugepages";
	else
		nr_hp_file = "free_hugepages";

	rte_snprintf(path, sizeof(path), "%s/%s/%s",
			sys_dir_path, subdir, nr_hp_file);

	if (eal_parse_sysfs_value(path, &num_pages) < 0)
		return 0;

	if (num_pages == 0)
		RTE_LOG(WARNING, EAL, "No free hugepages reported in %s\n",
				subdir);

	return (int32_t)num_pages;
}

static uint64_t
get_default_hp_size(void)
{
	const char proc_meminfo[] = "/proc/meminfo";
	const char str_hugepagesz[] = "Hugepagesize:";
	unsigned hugepagesz_len = sizeof(str_hugepagesz) - 1;
	char buffer[256];
	unsigned long long size = 0;

	FILE *fd = fopen(proc_meminfo, "r");
	if (fd == NULL)
		rte_panic("Cannot open %s\n", proc_meminfo);
	while(fgets(buffer, sizeof(buffer), fd)){
		if (strncmp(buffer, str_hugepagesz, hugepagesz_len) == 0){
			size = rte_str_to_size(&buffer[hugepagesz_len]);
			break;
		}
	}
	fclose(fd);
	if (size == 0)
		rte_panic("Cannot get default hugepage size from %s\n", proc_meminfo);
	return size;
}

static const char *
get_hugepage_dir(uint64_t hugepage_sz)
{
	enum proc_mount_fieldnames {
		DEVICE = 0,
		MOUNTPT,
		FSTYPE,
		OPTIONS,
		_FIELDNAME_MAX
	};
	static uint64_t default_size = 0;
	const char proc_mounts[] = "/proc/mounts";
	const char hugetlbfs_str[] = "hugetlbfs";
	const size_t htlbfs_str_len = sizeof(hugetlbfs_str) - 1;
	const char pagesize_opt[] = "pagesize=";
	const size_t pagesize_opt_len = sizeof(pagesize_opt) - 1;
	const char split_tok = ' ';
	char *splitstr[_FIELDNAME_MAX];
	char buf[BUFSIZ];
	char *retval = NULL;

	FILE *fd = fopen(proc_mounts, "r");
	if (fd == NULL)
		rte_panic("Cannot open %s\n", proc_mounts);

	if (default_size == 0)
		default_size = get_default_hp_size();

	while (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), fd)){
		if (rte_strsplit(buf, sizeof(buf), splitstr, _FIELDNAME_MAX,
				split_tok) != _FIELDNAME_MAX) {
			RTE_LOG(ERR, EAL, "Error parsing %s\n", proc_mounts);
			break; /* return NULL */
		}

		/* we have a specified --huge-dir option, only examine that dir */
		if (internal_config.hugepage_dir != NULL &&
				strcmp(splitstr[MOUNTPT], internal_config.hugepage_dir) != 0)
			continue;

		if (strncmp(splitstr[FSTYPE], hugetlbfs_str, htlbfs_str_len) == 0){
			const char *pagesz_str = strstr(splitstr[OPTIONS], pagesize_opt);

			/* if no explicit page size, the default page size is compared */
			if (pagesz_str == NULL){
				if (hugepage_sz == default_size){
					retval = strdup(splitstr[MOUNTPT]);
					break;
				}
			}
			/* there is an explicit page size, so check it */
			else {
				uint64_t pagesz = rte_str_to_size(&pagesz_str[pagesize_opt_len]);
				if (pagesz == hugepage_sz) {
					retval = strdup(splitstr[MOUNTPT]);
					break;
				}
			}
		} /* end if strncmp hugetlbfs */
	} /* end while fgets */

	fclose(fd);
	return retval;
}

static inline void
swap_hpi(struct hugepage_info *a, struct hugepage_info *b)
{
	char buf[sizeof(*a)];
	memcpy(buf, a, sizeof(buf));
	memcpy(a, b, sizeof(buf));
	memcpy(b, buf, sizeof(buf));
}

/*
 * Clear the hugepage directory of whatever hugepage files
 * there are. Checks if the file is locked (i.e.
 * if it's in use by another DPDK process).
 */
static int
clear_hugedir(const char * hugedir)
{
	DIR *dir;
	struct dirent *dirent;
	int dir_fd, fd, lck_result;
	const char filter[] = "*map_*"; /* matches hugepage files */

	/* open directory */
	dir = opendir(hugedir);
	if (!dir) {
		RTE_LOG(INFO, EAL, "Unable to open hugepage directory %s\n",
				hugedir);
		goto error;
	}
	dir_fd = dirfd(dir);

	dirent = readdir(dir);
	if (!dirent) {
		RTE_LOG(INFO, EAL, "Unable to read hugepage directory %s\n",
				hugedir);
		goto error;
	}

	while(dirent != NULL){
		/* skip files that don't match the hugepage pattern */
		if (fnmatch(filter, dirent->d_name, 0) > 0) {
			dirent = readdir(dir);
			continue;
		}

		/* try and lock the file */
		fd = openat(dir_fd, dirent->d_name, O_RDONLY);

		/* skip to next file */
		if (fd == -1) {
			dirent = readdir(dir);
			continue;
		}

		/* non-blocking lock */
		lck_result = flock(fd, LOCK_EX | LOCK_NB);

		/* if lock succeeds, unlock and remove the file */
		if (lck_result != -1) {
			flock(fd, LOCK_UN);
			unlinkat(dir_fd, dirent->d_name, 0);
		}
		close (fd);
		dirent = readdir(dir);
	}

	closedir(dir);
	return 0;

error:
	if (dir)
		closedir(dir);

	RTE_LOG(INFO, EAL, "Error while clearing hugepage dir: %s\n",
		strerror(errno));

	return -1;
}

/*
 * when we initialize the hugepage info, everything goes
 * to socket 0 by default. it will later get sorted by memory
 * initialization procedure.
 */
int
eal_hugepage_info_init(void)
{
	const char dirent_start_text[] = "hugepages-";
	const size_t dirent_start_len = sizeof(dirent_start_text) - 1;
	unsigned i, num_sizes = 0;

	DIR *dir = opendir(sys_dir_path);
	if (dir == NULL)
		rte_panic("Cannot open directory %s to read system hugepage info\n",
				sys_dir_path);

	struct dirent *dirent = readdir(dir);
	while(dirent != NULL){
		if (strncmp(dirent->d_name, dirent_start_text, dirent_start_len) == 0){
			struct hugepage_info *hpi = \
					&internal_config.hugepage_info[num_sizes];
			hpi->hugepage_sz = rte_str_to_size(&dirent->d_name[dirent_start_len]);
			hpi->hugedir = get_hugepage_dir(hpi->hugepage_sz);

			/* first, check if we have a mountpoint */
			if (hpi->hugedir == NULL){
				int32_t num_pages;
				if ((num_pages = get_num_hugepages(dirent->d_name)) > 0)
					RTE_LOG(INFO, EAL, "%u hugepages of size %llu reserved, "\
							"but no mounted hugetlbfs found for that size\n",
							(unsigned)num_pages,
							(unsigned long long)hpi->hugepage_sz);
			} else {
				/* try to obtain a writelock */
				hpi->lock_descriptor = open(hpi->hugedir, O_RDONLY);

				/* if blocking lock failed */
				if (flock(hpi->lock_descriptor, LOCK_EX) == -1) {
					RTE_LOG(CRIT, EAL, "Failed to lock hugepage directory!\n");
					return -1;
				}
				/* clear out the hugepages dir from unused pages */
				if (clear_hugedir(hpi->hugedir) == -1)
					return -1;

				/* for now, put all pages into socket 0,
				 * later they will be sorted */
				hpi->num_pages[0] = get_num_hugepages(dirent->d_name);

#ifndef RTE_ARCH_X86_64
				/* for 32-bit systems, limit number of hugepages to 1GB per page size */
				hpi->num_pages[0] = RTE_MIN(hpi->num_pages[0],
						RTE_PGSIZE_1G / hpi->hugepage_sz);
#endif

				num_sizes++;
			}
		}
		dirent = readdir(dir);
	}
	closedir(dir);
	internal_config.num_hugepage_sizes = num_sizes;

	/* sort the page directory entries by size, largest to smallest */
	for (i = 0; i < num_sizes; i++){
		unsigned j;
		for (j = i+1; j < num_sizes; j++)
			if (internal_config.hugepage_info[j-1].hugepage_sz < \
					internal_config.hugepage_info[j].hugepage_sz)
				swap_hpi(&internal_config.hugepage_info[j-1],
						&internal_config.hugepage_info[j]);
	}

	/* now we have all info, check we have at least one valid size */
	for (i = 0; i < num_sizes; i++)
		if (internal_config.hugepage_info[i].hugedir != NULL &&
				internal_config.hugepage_info[i].num_pages[0] > 0)
			return 0;

	/* no valid hugepage mounts available, return error */
	return -1;
}