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/*-
 *   BSD LICENSE
 *
 *   Copyright(c) 2010-2017 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
 *   All rights reserved.
 *
 *   Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 *   modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 *   are met:
 *
 *     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *       the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *       distribution.
 *     * Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its
 *       contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *       from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 *   THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 *   "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 *   LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
 *   A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
 *   OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 *   SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 *   LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 *   DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 *   THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 *   (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
 *   OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#ifndef _RTE_VHOST_H_
#define _RTE_VHOST_H_

/**
 * @file
 * Interface to vhost-user
 */

#include <stdint.h>
#include <sys/eventfd.h>

#include <rte_memory.h>
#include <rte_mempool.h>

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/* These are not C++-aware. */
#include <linux/vhost.h>
#include <linux/virtio_ring.h>

#define RTE_VHOST_USER_CLIENT		(1ULL << 0)
#define RTE_VHOST_USER_NO_RECONNECT	(1ULL << 1)
#define RTE_VHOST_USER_DEQUEUE_ZERO_COPY	(1ULL << 2)

/**
 * Information relating to memory regions including offsets to
 * addresses in QEMUs memory file.
 */
struct rte_vhost_mem_region {
	uint64_t guest_phys_addr;
	uint64_t guest_user_addr;
	uint64_t host_user_addr;
	uint64_t size;
	void	 *mmap_addr;
	uint64_t mmap_size;
	int fd;
};

/**
 * Memory structure includes region and mapping information.
 */
struct rte_vhost_memory {
	uint32_t nregions;
	struct rte_vhost_mem_region regions[];
};

struct rte_vhost_vring {
	struct vring_desc	*desc;
	struct vring_avail	*avail;
	struct vring_used	*used;
	uint64_t		log_guest_addr;

	int			callfd;
	int			kickfd;
	uint16_t		size;
};

/**
 * Device and vring operations.
 */
struct vhost_device_ops {
	int (*new_device)(int vid);		/**< Add device. */
	void (*destroy_device)(int vid);	/**< Remove device. */

	int (*vring_state_changed)(int vid, uint16_t queue_id, int enable);	/**< triggered when a vring is enabled or disabled */

	/**
	 * Features could be changed after the feature negotiation.
	 * For example, VHOST_F_LOG_ALL will be set/cleared at the
	 * start/end of live migration, respectively. This callback
	 * is used to inform the application on such change.
	 */
	int (*features_changed)(int vid, uint64_t features);

	void *reserved[4]; /**< Reserved for future extension */
};

/**
 * Convert guest physical address to host virtual address
 *
 * @param mem
 *  the guest memory regions
 * @param gpa
 *  the guest physical address for querying
 * @return
 *  the host virtual address on success, 0 on failure
 */
static inline uint64_t __attribute__((always_inline))
rte_vhost_gpa_to_vva(struct rte_vhost_memory *mem, uint64_t gpa)
{
	struct rte_vhost_mem_region *reg;
	uint32_t i;

	for (i = 0; i < mem->nregions; i++) {
		reg = &mem->regions[i];
		if (gpa >= reg->guest_phys_addr &&
		    gpa <  reg->guest_phys_addr + reg->size) {
			return gpa - reg->guest_phys_addr +
			       reg->host_user_addr;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

#define RTE_VHOST_NEED_LOG(features)	((features) & (1ULL << VHOST_F_LOG_ALL))

/**
 * Log the memory write start with given address.
 *
 * This function only need be invoked when the live migration starts.
 * Therefore, we won't need call it at all in the most of time. For
 * making the performance impact be minimum, it's suggested to do a
 * check before calling it:
 *
 *        if (unlikely(RTE_VHOST_NEED_LOG(features)))
 *                rte_vhost_log_write(vid, addr, len);
 *
 * @param vid
 *  vhost device ID
 * @param addr
 *  the starting address for write
 * @param len
 *  the length to write
 */
void rte_vhost_log_write(int vid, uint64_t addr, uint64_t len);

/**
 * Log the used ring update start at given offset.
 *
 * Same as rte_vhost_log_write, it's suggested to do a check before
 * calling it:
 *
 *        if (unlikely(RTE_VHOST_NEED_LOG(features)))
 *                rte_vhost_log_used_vring(vid, vring_idx, offset, len);
 *
 * @param vid
 *  vhost device ID
 * @param vring_idx
 *  the vring index
 * @param offset
 *  the offset inside the used ring
 * @param len
 *  the length to write
 */
void rte_vhost_log_used_vring(int vid, uint16_t vring_idx,
			      uint64_t offset, uint64_t len);

int rte_vhost_enable_guest_notification(int vid, uint16_t queue_id, int enable);

/**
 * Register vhost driver. path could be different for multiple
 * instance support.
 */
int rte_vhost_driver_register(const char *path, uint64_t flags);

/* Unregister vhost driver. This is only meaningful to vhost user. */
int rte_vhost_driver_unregister(const char *path);

/**
 * Set the feature bits the vhost-user driver supports.
 *
 * @param path
 *  The vhost-user socket file path
 * @param features
 *  Supported features
 * @return
 *  0 on success, -1 on failure
 */
int rte_vhost_driver_set_features(const char *path, uint64_t features);

/**
 * Enable vhost-user driver features.
 *
 * Note that
 * - the param features should be a subset of the feature bits provided
 *   by rte_vhost_driver_set_features().
 * - it must be invoked before vhost-user negotiation starts.
 *
 * @param path
 *  The vhost-user socket file path
 * @param features
 *  Features to enable
 * @return
 *  0 on success, -1 on failure
 */
int rte_vhost_driver_enable_features(const char *path, uint64_t features);

/**
 * Disable vhost-user driver features.
 *
 * The two notes at rte_vhost_driver_enable_features() also apply here.
 *
 * @param path
 *  The vhost-user socket file path
 * @param features
 *  Features to disable
 * @return
 *  0 on success, -1 on failure
 */
int rte_vhost_driver_disable_features(const char *path, uint64_t features);

/**
 * Get the feature bits before feature negotiation.
 *
 * @param path
 *  The vhost-user socket file path
 * @param features
 *  A pointer to store the queried feature bits
 * @return
 *  0 on success, -1 on failure
 */
int rte_vhost_driver_get_features(const char *path, uint64_t *features);

/**
 * Get the feature bits after negotiation
 *
 * @param vid
 *  Vhost device ID
 * @param features
 *  A pointer to store the queried feature bits
 * @return
 *  0 on success, -1 on failure
 */
int rte_vhost_get_negotiated_features(int vid, uint64_t *features);

/* Register callbacks. */
int rte_vhost_driver_callback_register(const char *path,
	struct vhost_device_ops const * const ops);

/**
 *
 * Start the vhost-user driver.
 *
 * This function triggers the vhost-user negotiation.
 *
 * @param path
 *  The vhost-user socket file path
 * @return
 *  0 on success, -1 on failure
 */
int rte_vhost_driver_start(const char *path);

/**
 * Get the MTU value of the device if set in QEMU.
 *
 * @param vid
 *  virtio-net device ID
 * @param mtu
 *  The variable to store the MTU value
 *
 * @return
 *  0: success
 *  -EAGAIN: device not yet started
 *  -ENOTSUP: device does not support MTU feature
 */
int rte_vhost_get_mtu(int vid, uint16_t *mtu);

/**
 * Get the numa node from which the virtio net device's memory
 * is allocated.
 *
 * @param vid
 *  vhost device ID
 *
 * @return
 *  The numa node, -1 on failure
 */
int rte_vhost_get_numa_node(int vid);

/**
 * @deprecated
 * Get the number of queues the device supports.
 *
 * Note this function is deprecated, as it returns a queue pair number,
 * which is vhost specific. Instead, rte_vhost_get_vring_num should
 * be used.
 *
 * @param vid
 *  vhost device ID
 *
 * @return
 *  The number of queues, 0 on failure
 */
__rte_deprecated
uint32_t rte_vhost_get_queue_num(int vid);

/**
 * Get the number of vrings the device supports.
 *
 * @param vid
 *  vhost device ID
 *
 * @return
 *  The number of vrings, 0 on failure
 */
uint16_t rte_vhost_get_vring_num(int vid);

/**
 * Get the virtio net device's ifname, which is the vhost-user socket
 * file path.
 *
 * @param vid
 *  vhost device ID
 * @param buf
 *  The buffer to stored the queried ifname
 * @param len
 *  The length of buf
 *
 * @return
 *  0 on success, -1 on failure
 */
int rte_vhost_get_ifname(int vid, char *buf, size_t len);

/**
 * Get how many avail entries are left in the queue
 *
 * @param vid
 *  vhost device ID
 * @param queue_id
 *  virtio queue index
 *
 * @return
 *  num of avail entires left
 */
uint16_t rte_vhost_avail_entries(int vid, uint16_t queue_id);

struct rte_mbuf;
struct rte_mempool;
/**
 * This function adds buffers to the virtio devices RX virtqueue. Buffers can
 * be received from the physical port or from another virtual device. A packet
 * count is returned to indicate the number of packets that were succesfully
 * added to the RX queue.
 * @param vid
 *  vhost device ID
 * @param queue_id
 *  virtio queue index in mq case
 * @param pkts
 *  array to contain packets to be enqueued
 * @param count
 *  packets num to be enqueued
 * @return
 *  num of packets enqueued
 */
uint16_t rte_vhost_enqueue_burst(int vid, uint16_t queue_id,
	struct rte_mbuf **pkts, uint16_t count);

/**
 * This function gets guest buffers from the virtio device TX virtqueue,
 * construct host mbufs, copies guest buffer content to host mbufs and
 * store them in pkts to be processed.
 * @param vid
 *  vhost device ID
 * @param queue_id
 *  virtio queue index in mq case
 * @param mbuf_pool
 *  mbuf_pool where host mbuf is allocated.
 * @param pkts
 *  array to contain packets to be dequeued
 * @param count
 *  packets num to be dequeued
 * @return
 *  num of packets dequeued
 */
uint16_t rte_vhost_dequeue_burst(int vid, uint16_t queue_id,
	struct rte_mempool *mbuf_pool, struct rte_mbuf **pkts, uint16_t count);

/**
 * Get guest mem table: a list of memory regions.
 *
 * An rte_vhost_vhost_memory object will be allocated internaly, to hold the
 * guest memory regions. Application should free it at destroy_device()
 * callback.
 *
 * @param vid
 *  vhost device ID
 * @param mem
 *  To store the returned mem regions
 * @return
 *  0 on success, -1 on failure
 */
int rte_vhost_get_mem_table(int vid, struct rte_vhost_memory **mem);

/**
 * Get guest vring info, including the vring address, vring size, etc.
 *
 * @param vid
 *  vhost device ID
 * @param vring_idx
 *  vring index
 * @param vring
 *  the structure to hold the requested vring info
 * @return
 *  0 on success, -1 on failure
 */
int rte_vhost_get_vhost_vring(int vid, uint16_t vring_idx,
			      struct rte_vhost_vring *vring);

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif /* _RTE_VHOST_H_ */