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/*-
 *   BSD LICENSE
 *
 *   Copyright(c) 2010-2014 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
 *   All rights reserved.
 *
 *   Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 *   modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 *   are met:
 *
 *     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *       the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *       distribution.
 *     * Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its
 *       contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *       from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 *   THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 *   "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 *   LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
 *   A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
 *   OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 *   SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 *   LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 *   DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 *   THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 *   (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
 *   OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#ifndef _VHOST_NET_CDEV_H_
#define _VHOST_NET_CDEV_H_
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/queue.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <linux/vhost.h>
#include <linux/virtio_net.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <linux/if.h>

#include <rte_log.h>
#include <rte_ether.h>
#include <rte_rwlock.h>

#include "rte_vhost.h"

/* Used to indicate that the device is running on a data core */
#define VIRTIO_DEV_RUNNING 1
/* Used to indicate that the device is ready to operate */
#define VIRTIO_DEV_READY 2

/* Backend value set by guest. */
#define VIRTIO_DEV_STOPPED -1

#define BUF_VECTOR_MAX 256

/**
 * Structure contains buffer address, length and descriptor index
 * from vring to do scatter RX.
 */
struct buf_vector {
	uint64_t buf_addr;
	uint32_t buf_len;
	uint32_t desc_idx;
};

/*
 * A structure to hold some fields needed in zero copy code path,
 * mainly for associating an mbuf with the right desc_idx.
 */
struct zcopy_mbuf {
	struct rte_mbuf *mbuf;
	uint32_t desc_idx;
	uint16_t in_use;

	TAILQ_ENTRY(zcopy_mbuf) next;
};
TAILQ_HEAD(zcopy_mbuf_list, zcopy_mbuf);

/*
 * Structure contains the info for each batched memory copy.
 */
struct batch_copy_elem {
	void *dst;
	void *src;
	uint32_t len;
	uint64_t log_addr;
};

/**
 * Structure contains variables relevant to RX/TX virtqueues.
 */
struct vhost_virtqueue {
	struct vring_desc	*desc;
	struct vring_avail	*avail;
	struct vring_used	*used;
	uint32_t		size;

	uint16_t		last_avail_idx;
	uint16_t		last_used_idx;
#define VIRTIO_INVALID_EVENTFD		(-1)
#define VIRTIO_UNINITIALIZED_EVENTFD	(-2)

	/* Backend value to determine if device should started/stopped */
	int			backend;
	/* Used to notify the guest (trigger interrupt) */
	int			callfd;
	/* Currently unused as polling mode is enabled */
	int			kickfd;
	int			enabled;
	int			access_ok;

	/* Physical address of used ring, for logging */
	uint64_t		log_guest_addr;

	uint16_t		nr_zmbuf;
	uint16_t		zmbuf_size;
	uint16_t		last_zmbuf_idx;
	struct zcopy_mbuf	*zmbufs;
	struct zcopy_mbuf_list	zmbuf_list;

	struct vring_used_elem  *shadow_used_ring;
	uint16_t                shadow_used_idx;
	struct vhost_vring_addr ring_addrs;

	struct batch_copy_elem	*batch_copy_elems;
	uint16_t		batch_copy_nb_elems;

	rte_rwlock_t	iotlb_lock;
	rte_rwlock_t	iotlb_pending_lock;
	struct rte_mempool *iotlb_pool;
	TAILQ_HEAD(, vhost_iotlb_entry) iotlb_list;
	int				iotlb_cache_nr;
	TAILQ_HEAD(, vhost_iotlb_entry) iotlb_pending_list;
} __rte_cache_aligned;

/* Old kernels have no such macros defined */
#ifndef VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_ANNOUNCE
 #define VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_ANNOUNCE 21
#endif

#ifndef VIRTIO_NET_F_MQ
 #define VIRTIO_NET_F_MQ		22
#endif

#define VHOST_MAX_VRING			0x100
#define VHOST_MAX_QUEUE_PAIRS		0x80

#ifndef VIRTIO_NET_F_MTU
 #define VIRTIO_NET_F_MTU 3
#endif

/* Declare IOMMU related bits for older kernels */
#ifndef VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM

#define VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM 33

struct vhost_iotlb_msg {
	__u64 iova;
	__u64 size;
	__u64 uaddr;
#define VHOST_ACCESS_RO      0x1
#define VHOST_ACCESS_WO      0x2
#define VHOST_ACCESS_RW      0x3
	__u8 perm;
#define VHOST_IOTLB_MISS           1
#define VHOST_IOTLB_UPDATE         2
#define VHOST_IOTLB_INVALIDATE     3
#define VHOST_IOTLB_ACCESS_FAIL    4
	__u8 type;
};

#define VHOST_IOTLB_MSG 0x1

struct vhost_msg {
	int type;
	union {
		struct vhost_iotlb_msg iotlb;
		__u8 padding[64];
	};
};
#endif

/*
 * Define virtio 1.0 for older kernels
 */
#ifndef VIRTIO_F_VERSION_1
 #define VIRTIO_F_VERSION_1 32
#endif

#define VHOST_USER_F_PROTOCOL_FEATURES	30

/* Features supported by this builtin vhost-user net driver. */
#define VIRTIO_NET_SUPPORTED_FEATURES ((1ULL << VIRTIO_NET_F_MRG_RXBUF) | \
				(1ULL << VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ) | \
				(1ULL << VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_RX) | \
				(1ULL << VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_ANNOUNCE) | \
				(1ULL << VIRTIO_NET_F_MQ)      | \
				(1ULL << VIRTIO_F_VERSION_1)   | \
				(1ULL << VHOST_F_LOG_ALL)      | \
				(1ULL << VHOST_USER_F_PROTOCOL_FEATURES) | \
				(1ULL << VIRTIO_NET_F_HOST_TSO4) | \
				(1ULL << VIRTIO_NET_F_HOST_TSO6) | \
				(1ULL << VIRTIO_NET_F_CSUM)    | \
				(1ULL << VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_CSUM) | \
				(1ULL << VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_TSO4) | \
				(1ULL << VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_TSO6) | \
				(1ULL << VIRTIO_RING_F_INDIRECT_DESC) | \
				(1ULL << VIRTIO_NET_F_MTU) | \
				(1ULL << VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM))


struct guest_page {
	uint64_t guest_phys_addr;
	uint64_t host_phys_addr;
	uint64_t size;
};

/**
 * Device structure contains all configuration information relating
 * to the device.
 */
struct virtio_net {
	/* Frontend (QEMU) memory and memory region information */
	struct rte_vhost_memory	*mem;
	uint64_t		features;
	uint64_t		protocol_features;
	int			vid;
	uint32_t		flags;
	uint16_t		vhost_hlen;
	/* to tell if we need broadcast rarp packet */
	rte_atomic16_t		broadcast_rarp;
	uint32_t		nr_vring;
	int			dequeue_zero_copy;
	struct vhost_virtqueue	*virtqueue[VHOST_MAX_QUEUE_PAIRS * 2];
#define IF_NAME_SZ (PATH_MAX > IFNAMSIZ ? PATH_MAX : IFNAMSIZ)
	char			ifname[IF_NAME_SZ];
	uint64_t		log_size;
	uint64_t		log_base;
	uint64_t		log_addr;
	struct ether_addr	mac;
	uint16_t		mtu;

	struct vhost_device_ops const *notify_ops;

	uint32_t		nr_guest_pages;
	uint32_t		max_guest_pages;
	struct guest_page       *guest_pages;

	int			slave_req_fd;
} __rte_cache_aligned;


#define VHOST_LOG_PAGE	4096

/*
 * Atomically set a bit in memory.
 */
static __rte_always_inline void
vhost_set_bit(unsigned int nr, volatile uint8_t *addr)
{
	__sync_fetch_and_or_8(addr, (1U << nr));
}

static __rte_always_inline void
vhost_log_page(uint8_t *log_base, uint64_t page)
{
	vhost_set_bit(page % 8, &log_base[page / 8]);
}

static __rte_always_inline void
vhost_log_write(struct virtio_net *dev, uint64_t addr, uint64_t len)
{
	uint64_t page;

	if (likely(((dev->features & (1ULL << VHOST_F_LOG_ALL)) == 0) ||
		   !dev->log_base || !len))
		return;

	if (unlikely(dev->log_size <= ((addr + len - 1) / VHOST_LOG_PAGE / 8)))
		return;

	/* To make sure guest memory updates are committed before logging */
	rte_smp_wmb();

	page = addr / VHOST_LOG_PAGE;
	while (page * VHOST_LOG_PAGE < addr + len) {
		vhost_log_page((uint8_t *)(uintptr_t)dev->log_base, page);
		page += 1;
	}
}

static __rte_always_inline void
vhost_log_used_vring(struct virtio_net *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
		     uint64_t offset, uint64_t len)
{
	vhost_log_write(dev, vq->log_guest_addr + offset, len);
}

/* Macros for printing using RTE_LOG */
#define RTE_LOGTYPE_VHOST_CONFIG RTE_LOGTYPE_USER1
#define RTE_LOGTYPE_VHOST_DATA   RTE_LOGTYPE_USER1

#ifdef RTE_LIBRTE_VHOST_DEBUG
#define VHOST_MAX_PRINT_BUFF 6072
#define LOG_LEVEL RTE_LOG_DEBUG
#define LOG_DEBUG(log_type, fmt, args...) RTE_LOG(DEBUG, log_type, fmt, ##args)
#define PRINT_PACKET(device, addr, size, header) do { \
	char *pkt_addr = (char *)(addr); \
	unsigned int index; \
	char packet[VHOST_MAX_PRINT_BUFF]; \
	\
	if ((header)) \
		snprintf(packet, VHOST_MAX_PRINT_BUFF, "(%d) Header size %d: ", (device->vid), (size)); \
	else \
		snprintf(packet, VHOST_MAX_PRINT_BUFF, "(%d) Packet size %d: ", (device->vid), (size)); \
	for (index = 0; index < (size); index++) { \
		snprintf(packet + strnlen(packet, VHOST_MAX_PRINT_BUFF), VHOST_MAX_PRINT_BUFF - strnlen(packet, VHOST_MAX_PRINT_BUFF), \
			"%02hhx ", pkt_addr[index]); \
	} \
	snprintf(packet + strnlen(packet, VHOST_MAX_PRINT_BUFF), VHOST_MAX_PRINT_BUFF - strnlen(packet, VHOST_MAX_PRINT_BUFF), "\n"); \
	\
	LOG_DEBUG(VHOST_DATA, "%s", packet); \
} while (0)
#else
#define LOG_LEVEL RTE_LOG_INFO
#define LOG_DEBUG(log_type, fmt, args...) do {} while (0)
#define PRINT_PACKET(device, addr, size, header) do {} while (0)
#endif

extern uint64_t VHOST_FEATURES;
#define MAX_VHOST_DEVICE	1024
extern struct virtio_net *vhost_devices[MAX_VHOST_DEVICE];

/* Convert guest physical address to host physical address */
static __rte_always_inline rte_iova_t
gpa_to_hpa(struct virtio_net *dev, uint64_t gpa, uint64_t size)
{
	uint32_t i;
	struct guest_page *page;

	for (i = 0; i < dev->nr_guest_pages; i++) {
		page = &dev->guest_pages[i];

		if (gpa >= page->guest_phys_addr &&
		    gpa + size < page->guest_phys_addr + page->size) {
			return gpa - page->guest_phys_addr +
			       page->host_phys_addr;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

struct virtio_net *get_device(int vid);

int vhost_new_device(void);
void cleanup_device(struct virtio_net *dev, int destroy);
void reset_device(struct virtio_net *dev);
void vhost_destroy_device(int);

int alloc_vring_queue(struct virtio_net *dev, uint32_t vring_idx);

void vhost_set_ifname(int, const char *if_name, unsigned int if_len);
void vhost_enable_dequeue_zero_copy(int vid);

struct vhost_device_ops const *vhost_driver_callback_get(const char *path);

/*
 * Backend-specific cleanup.
 *
 * TODO: fix it; we have one backend now
 */
void vhost_backend_cleanup(struct virtio_net *dev);

uint64_t __vhost_iova_to_vva(struct virtio_net *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
			uint64_t iova, uint64_t size, uint8_t perm);
int vring_translate(struct virtio_net *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq);
void vring_invalidate(struct virtio_net *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq);

static __rte_always_inline uint64_t
vhost_iova_to_vva(struct virtio_net *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
			uint64_t iova, uint64_t size, uint8_t perm)
{
	if (!(dev->features & (1ULL << VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM)))
		return rte_vhost_gpa_to_vva(dev->mem, iova);

	return __vhost_iova_to_vva(dev, vq, iova, size, perm);
}

#endif /* _VHOST_NET_CDEV_H_ */